Gmelina asiatica inermis Moldenke
Gmelina asiatica villosa (Roxb.) Bakh.
Gmelina integrifolia W.Hunter
Gmelina tomentosa H.R.Fletcher
Gmelina tonkinensis Moldenke
Gmelina villosa Roxb.
Gmelina elliptica is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree, sometimes with straggling growth, that can grow up to 13 metres tall but is more likely to be from 1 - 5 metres tall. The bole can be up to 25cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. The plant is cultivated throughout the tropics as an ornamental.
E. Asia - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Open secondary vegetation, especially near the coast, along roads and in other open sites, sometimes forming dense thickets; in Java at elevations from sea-level up to 500 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in full sun or partial shade, preferring a moist but well-drained soil[
]. Found in the wild on sandy, sandy loam or sandy clay soils, often poor; sometimes also found over basalt or limestone[
Although we have seen no reports of invasiveness, there is a report that this shrubby, thorny tree could be a problem if introduced to islands where it is not native[
The sap from the leaves or fruits is used as ear drops in earache[
An infusion of the slightly crushed fruits is applied as an eye lotion[
]. The fruit rubbed with lime and garlic is vigorously applied to the body in cases of dropsy[
The leaves or roots may be applied to wounds. The uses probably reflect its activity as a rubefacient[
In Peninsular Malaysia, the plant is chiefly used in poultices for headache and swellings[
The wood is hard[
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