Bignonia discolor A.Rich.
Gmelina attenuata H.R.Fletcher
Gmelina elliptica lobata (Gaertn.) Moldenke
Gmelina lobata Gaertn.
Gmelina paniculata H.R.Fletcher
Gmelina parvifolia Roxb.
Premna parvifolia Roth
Photograph by: J.M.Garg
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Gmelina asiatica is a deciduous, usually spiny, straggling or scrambling, much-branched shrub or small tree that can grow up to 8 metres tall, but is more likely to be around 3 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is widely cultivated as an ornamental.
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.
Forest edges, thickets, dry forest and secondary vegetation; at elevations from sea-level up to 500 metres, occasionally to 1,000 metres[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds in full sun or partial shade, preferring a moist but well-drained soil[
]. Found in the wild in sandy clay or coarse gritty substrate, often in poor soils, sometimes over granite or sandstone[
The plant is widely esteemed as a demulcent and alterative[
The root is used as a blood purifier and in the treatment of rheumatism, incontinence, gonorrhoea and syphilis as well as for treating infections of the bladder and to promote micturition[
A decoction of the roots is used externally as a treatment against rheumatism, yaws and nervous diseases[
The macerated leaves are used in urogenital affections. Soaking the leaves in water renders a mucilaginous mixture, which is credited with antibacterial properties[
An infusion of the shoots is used internally as a treatment against rheumatism, yaws and nervous diseases[
The juice of the fruit is applied to portions of the feet affected by 'alipunga', a kind of eczema[
]. The juice is also considered an 'anti-limatik' (a species of leech of the genus Haemadipsa)[
]. The fruit, pounded with lime, is applied as a poultice to the throat as a treatment for coughs[
]. Combined with lime and garlic, the fruit is vigorously applied to the body in treating cases of dropsy[
]. The fruit juice is a treaditional treatment for dandruff - it is applied to the scalp once very three days in the morning[
Ethanolic extracts of the roots have shown a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, especially against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas vulgaris and P aeruginosa[
Another study has shown the aqueous extract to be active against Pseudomonas pseduoalcaligenes, while the methanol extract could inhibit Bacillus subtilis[
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