This species may be transferred to the genus Phyllanthus. A paper by Warren L. Wagner and David H. Lorence ‘A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion’ PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)[
], has proposed submerging the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus into a broadened concept of the genus Phyllanthus. This proposal has not yet (2014) been fully accepted, although the ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families’ has accepted the name changes of the Pacific Island species of Glochidion, as detailed in the paper. If the proposals are accepted, then the name for this species will be Phyllanthus littoralis (Blume) Müll.Arg.[
Agyneia impuber Benth.
Bradleia littorea (Blume) Steud.
Bradleia obtusa Benth.
Diasperus litoralis (Blume) Kuntze
Phyllanthus littoralis (Blume) Müll.Arg.
Glochidion littorale is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole can be up to 15cm in diameter[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Coastal or tidal regions with open (disturbed) vegetation types, also in evergreen forest, logged over forest and swamps; at elevations up to 100 metres[
The plant is often found growing in poor, sandy soils in the wild[
This species is noteworthy for its pollination mechanism, which involves a symbiotic relationship with moths of the genus Epicephala. This closely parallels that found in Yucca species[
]. The reddish-pink fruits are around 12mm long[
]. The round, pinkish-whitish to dark pink fruits are 14 - 18mm in diameter and 8 - 13mm wide, with a woody wall up to 1mm thick[
The root is used as a mouthwash for babies[
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