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Useful Tropical Plants

Glochidion littorale

Blume

Phyllanthaceae


This species may be transferred to the genus Phyllanthus. A paper by Warren L. Wagner and David H. Lorence ‘A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion’ PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)[
858
Title
A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion.
Publication
PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)
Author
Wagner W.L.; Lorence D.H.
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
PhytoKeys
Year
2011
ISBN
1314-2003
Description
A proposed revision of the genus Phyllanthus, enlarging the genus by transferring the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus to it. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
], has proposed submerging the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus into a broadened concept of the genus Phyllanthus. This proposal has not yet (2014) been fully accepted, although the ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families’ has accepted the name changes of the Pacific Island species of Glochidion, as detailed in the paper. If the proposals are accepted, then the name for this species will be Phyllanthus littoralis (Blume) Müll.Arg.[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Agyneia impuber Benth.

Bradleia littorea (Blume) Steud.

Bradleia obtusa Benth.

Diasperus litoralis (Blume) Kuntze

Phyllanthus littoralis (Blume) Müll.Arg.

Common Name:

Glochidion littorale
Fruiting branches
Photograph by: Tony Rodd
Creative Commons License
Glochidion littorale Glochidion littorale Glochidion littorale

General Information

Glochidion littorale is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The bole can be up to 15cm in diameter[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.

Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

Coastal or tidal regions with open (disturbed) vegetation types, also in evergreen forest, logged over forest and swamps; at elevations up to 100 metres[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
,
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsMoths
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


The plant is often found growing in poor, sandy soils in the wild[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
This species is noteworthy for its pollination mechanism, which involves a symbiotic relationship with moths of the genus Epicephala. This closely parallels that found in Yucca species[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. The reddish-pink fruits are around 12mm long[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. The round, pinkish-whitish to dark pink fruits are 14 - 18mm in diameter and 8 - 13mm wide, with a woody wall up to 1mm thick[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Medicinal

The root is used as a mouthwash for babies[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-11-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Glochidion+littorale>

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