If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Gigantochloa scortechinii

Gamble

Poaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Gigantochloa scortechinii
Drawing of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, vol. 7: t. 53 (1891)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Gigantochloa scortechinii is an evergreen, perennial clump-forming bamboo that can grow 10 - 20 metres tall. The erect, thin-walled, woody culms are 60 - 120mm in diameter with internodes up to 60cm long[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
992
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 16
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
The Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1958
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the Bamboos in Malaya and the Myristicaceae in Malaya. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
This species is the commonest and most used bamboo of Peninsular Malaysia, where the culms are frequently harvested for a wide range of applications. Commonly harvested from the wild, the plant is also sometimes cultivated in and around villages[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Due to the abundance and ubiquity of the species in the forest, in Peninsular Malaysia plantations of Gigantochloa scortechinii do not exist[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

633
Title
Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta. Vol. 7
Publication
 
Author
Gamble J.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bengal Secretariat Press; Calcutta.
Year
1896
ISBN
 
Description
A very comprehensive listing of the bamboos of India, as they were known at the end of the 19th Century. Includes some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
992
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 16
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
The Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1958
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the Bamboos in Malaya and the Myristicaceae in Malaya. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Southeast Asia - southern Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra)

Habitat

Mainly found in disturbed (logged-over) forests[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The plant can form large areas of natural forests, usually at elevations from 400 - 800 metres but also found from near sea level to 1,000 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Bamboo
Height15.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropics, where it can be found at elevations up to 1,000 metres. The plant grows wild in areas where the mean annual maximum temperature is about 32°c; the mean minimum temperature 22°c; and mean annual rainfall is about 2,500mm, quite evenly distributed over the year[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant will grow in any soil type, but does best on sandy loams with good drainage and a pH in the range 5.0 - 6.5. It thrives well in ravines, gulleys and logged-over areas and is quite aggressive once it is exposed to sunlight[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Only mature culms of 3 years or older should be harvested, taking care not to harvest from the periphery of a clump and to leave the culms evenly spaced in the clump.Culms can be harvested all the year round. Felling intensities up to 70% of the total number of culms of a clump are possible without visible negative effect on regrowth[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A properly managed plantation may produce 3,600 - 4,000 culms per hectare, or 40 - 50 tonnes green weight per year[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time. Flowering of this species is sporadic, with only a portion of one clump flowering at a time; gregarious flowering has never been reported[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
992
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 16
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
The Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1958
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the Bamboos in Malaya and the Myristicaceae in Malaya. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
Under natural conditions, shoots of this species emerge above the ground during the rainy season and develop to their full height in 4 months. A strong, positive correlation exists between the amount of previous year rainfall and the number of emerging shoots. A culm becomes mature in 3 years. A good, healthy clump can produce 48 - 60 shoots annually, but only about 40% of these reach maturity[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
One-year-old seedlings attain about 1.10 m in length; in the next year they develop 2 - 4 new culms, after which clump formation develops rapidly[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Plants raised from culm cuttings initially produce small shoots (3 the first year) which develop into small culms. In the following year shoots develop into larger culms, and after 6 - 7 years the shoots develop into full-sized culms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

The young shoots are rarely used as a vegetable because they are rather bitter[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The durable culms have a wide range of uses both as the whole culm and also split. These uses include in constructions and scaffolding; to make baskets and other utensils; and a wide variety of handicraft materials. The culms are used in small-scale enterprises to produce chopsticks, toothpicks, skewers, blinds, joss sticks, large baskets, poultry cages and paper[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in containers or a nursery seedbed in a lightly shaded position, Only just cover the seed and do not allow to dry out. A germination rate of around 70 - 75% can be expected[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Rhizome cuttings (rhizome part, with roots and 60 - 100cm basal part of a one-year-old culm) are planted out directly and are successful, but this method is not suitable for large-scale propagation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Culm cuttings are raised in a nursery for 4 - 6 months and transplanted when they have produced roots, preferably at the onset of the rainy season[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Gigantochloa+scortechinii>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.