Common Name: Smooth Genip
Smooth genip is a semideciduous tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow 8 - 16 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 40 - 60cm in diameter[
The fruit is gathered from the wild and consumed locally[
]. The tree also supplies a dye and a useful timber.
Southern S. America - eastern Brazil.
Slopes in the rainforest and sandy plateaux[
]. Found mainly in dense, primary forest, on clayey and well-drained soils, but is also seen as an isolated tree in pasture[
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Succeeds in full sun to dappled shade[
]. Established plants are drought tolerant[
Fruit - raw[
]. An aromatic, fleshy pulp with many seeds and an acidic flavour[
]. Made into juices, often with sugar added to reduce the acidity[
]. The green, globose fruit can be up to 12cm in diameter[
The immature fruit is used as a dye[
The wood is fine-textured, straight-grained, heavy, soft, flexible, with poor mechanical properties and medium durability[
]. It is used in general construction, cabinet making, for curved pieces, window frames, gun stocks, turnery, tool handles etc[
Seed - it is not dormant and so pre-treatment is not necessary. However, soaking the seeds in running water for 1 - 2 days just prior to sowing will accelerate germination[
]. Seed may be sown in light shade in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are normally high with between 65 - 100% of the seed sprouting within 1 - 4 weeks. The seedlings are ready for pricking out about 20 days later[
]. Initial growth rates are slow, taking about 12 months to attain a transplanting size of 20 - 40cm[
]. Because of drought sensitivity the best way of establishment is to use containerised seedlings[
Vegetative propagation by cuttings is also possible[
Grafting is used for varieties with superior fruit quality[
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