Boswellia javanica Turcz.
Bursera javanica (Turcz.) Baill.
Garuga abilo (Blanco) Merr.
Garuga clarkii Merr.
Garuga gamblei King ex W.W.Sm.
Garuga littoralis Merr.
Garuga mollis Turcz.
Garuga pacifica Burkill
Garuga pinnata mollis Kurz
Icica abilo Blanco
Kunthia floribunda Kuntze
Cultivated plant at NTBG-McBryde
Photograph by: Wendy Cutler
Garuga floribunda is a large, deciduous, canopy tree growing from 8 - 36 metres tall[
]. The buttressed bole is cylindrical, 50 - 90cm in diameter, and unbranched for 20 - 25 metres[
The tree is valued mainly for its timber, though it also produces an edible fruit, a dye and is used medicinally.
E. Asia - southern China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, through southeast Asia to the Pacific Islands.
Occurs in seasonal climates in primary and secondary, often periodically dry or very dry monsoon forest and thickets, and in lower montane rain forest[
]. It is also found in coastal forest, teak forest[
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A plant of tropical areas, found at elevations up to 1,200 metres in areas where there is a distinct, and often lengthy, dry period[
Found in the wild on limestone hills, and grows on stony, sandy or clayey soils[
The plant is not fire-resistant[
]. Plants can tolerate a periodically high groundwater table[
Flowers appear before the new leaves. In general, flowering is at the end of the dry season or the beginning of the rainy season. In Java G. Floribunda flowers in June-November and fruits in October-April; in Sulawesi it flowers in September and October; in the Philippines it flowers in March-June and fruits in March-October[
A decoction of the bark has been given after childbirth[
Occasionally planted as a shade tree[
It is grown as a living fence around plantations, and as a boundary marker[
A decoction of the leaves has been used to dye mats made from Corypha leaves black[
The wood is used for general construction, bridge building, posts, light duty flooring, furniture and cabinet work, interior trim, mouldings, shelving, skirting, sporting goods, agricultural implements, boxes and crates, carvings, toys and novelties, and turnery[
]. It is also used for the production of veneer and plywood[
The wood is used for fuel[
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