All of the uses listed here from [
] relate to the subspecies Gardenia ternifolia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc.[
Decameria jovis-tonantis Welw.
Gardenia asperula Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia goetzei Stapf & Hutch.
Gardenia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Hiern
Gardenia lutea Fresen.
Gardenia ternifolia jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Verdc.
Gardenia triacantha DC.
Genipa jovis-tonantis (Welw.) Baill.
Randia torulosa K.Krause
Cultivated, mainly for its medicinal uses
Photograph by: Scamperdale
Photograph by: User:BotBln
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
Close-up of the fruit
Photograph by: Marco Schmidt
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Gardenia ternifolia is an evergreen shrub or small tree that can grow up to 6 metres tall[
]. The intertwined branches have short twigs which are very hard and thorny[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and as a source of dye[
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya, south to Namibia, Botswana and Mozambique.
Brachystegia woodland and grassland with scattered bushes etc at elevations of 700 - 1,680 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
The plant grows wild on poor, rocky or bouldery soils; compacted soils; sands and laterite crusts[
]. Plants often grow in areas where the soil is seasonally inundated[
]. Generaly not edible[
]. The hard, roundish fruit is up to 7cm long[
Young leaves - cooked[
]. The leaves are occasionally eaten as a vegetable[
A decoction of the roots is used to restore failing strength[
]. When boiled with sorghum flour, the root is used to treat Black Water fever[
The macerated root is laxative and vermifuge[
]. It is used in the treatment of stomach aches and kwashiorkor[
A black stain is obtained from the seed - it is used to colour the skin[
A fragrant resin, known as Abu Beka, is obtained from the plant[
The wood is burnt to provide potash, which is used in making soap[
A decoction of the wood ashes is used in dyeing[
The light yellow to pale red wood is dense, even-grained and very hard[
]. It is used for making knife and other tool handles[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.