Leaves, flowers and immature fruit
Photograph by: David Eickhoff
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Gardenia brighamii is a tree growing up to about 5 metres tall with fragrant, white flowers[
The fruits are gathered from the wild and used as a dye[
At one time this was a popular dye plant for local use, being commonly harvested all over the main islands of Hawaii. Judging from its use by the Hawaiians as a cloth dye, its habitat, associated species, and distribution in the early 1900s, it was probably a relatively common member of the lowland dry forest. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was considered common on west Molokaâ€˜i and Maui, but already either extirpated or very rare on the other islands[
]. The total known wild population (as of 2005) is now less than 20 individuals. It is estimated that there are now less than 100 wild plants in total[
]. The plant's current habitat has been severely degraded by cattle and goats. The invasion of alien plants such as lantana and a variety of grasses has crowded out much of the dry forest and shades out any seedlings that may have evaded predation from rats[
]. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Northcentral Pacific - Hawaii.
Dry forest. In rocky gulches, or on plateau lands with deep soils. On the island of Hawaiâ€˜i old forested lava flows[
|Conservation Status||Critically Endangered
|Other Uses Rating||
The yellow pulp from the fruits is used for dyeing cloth[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.