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Useful Tropical Plants

Gardenia brighamii

H.Mann

Rubiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Gardenia brighamii
Leaves, flowers and immature fruit
Photograph by: David Eickhoff
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Gardenia brighamii Gardenia brighamii Gardenia brighamii Gardenia brighamii Gardenia brighamii

General Information

Gardenia brighamii is a tree growing up to about 5 metres tall with fragrant, white flowers[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
].
The fruits are gathered from the wild and used as a dye[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
At one time this was a popular dye plant for local use, being commonly harvested all over the main islands of Hawaii. Judging from its use by the Hawaiians as a cloth dye, its habitat, associated species, and distribution in the early 1900s, it was probably a relatively common member of the lowland dry forest. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was considered common on west Moloka‘i and Maui, but already either extirpated or very rare on the other islands[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
]. The total known wild population (as of 2005) is now less than 20 individuals. It is estimated that there are now less than 100 wild plants in total[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
]. The plant's current habitat has been severely degraded by cattle and goats. The invasion of alien plants such as lantana and a variety of grasses has crowded out much of the dry forest and shades out any seedlings that may have evaded predation from rats[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
]. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Northcentral Pacific - Hawaii.

Habitat

Dry forest. In rocky gulches, or on plateau lands with deep soils. On the island of Hawai‘i old forested lava flows[
353
Title
Hawaii's Species of Greatest Conservation Need
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.state.hi.us/dlnr/dofaw/cwcs/Conservation_need.htm#Species
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A series of fact sheets produced by the state Government of Hawaii giving information on some of the most endangered species on the Islands.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Other Uses Rating *
HabitTree
Height5.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The yellow pulp from the fruits is used for dyeing cloth[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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