Common Name: Indian Gamboge Tree
Indian gamboge is an evergreen tree growing up to 15 metres tall.
The tree supplies an edible fruit, oil and gum. It is a source of 'gamboge', a gum-resin with a wide range of uses that is commonly harvested from several species in this genus and traded internationally. The tree is sometimes used as a rootstock for the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) and has been proposed for cultivation for its resin[
E. Asia - Indian subcontinent to Indo-China.
An understorey tree in evergreen forests at elevations up to 1,200 metres.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Plants resent root disturbance[
Fruit - raw. The small yellow fruit is esteemed as a dessert fruit[
]. The cherry-shaped fruit is about 2cm in diameter[
A yellow fat obtained from the seed is used in cooking and confectionery[
]. It is also used as a substitute for ghee[
The source of gamboge, a gum-resin that is used in food, medicines etc[
Gamboge, a gum-resin obtained from the plant, is used as an ointment[
Gamboge, a gum-resin obtained from the plant, is used as a yellow dye, as an illuminant and in varnishes, water colours etc[
]. It is traditionally collected by cutting a thin slice off the bark of the tree about the size of the palm of the hand - the resin collects there and is scraped off when sufficiently dried[
The plant is sometimes used as a rootstock for the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)[
The yellow wood is hard, mottled with numerous, wavy, concentric bands of a soft texture[
Seed - we have no specific information on this species, but the seed of most members of the genus can be slow to germinate, even if sown fresh, often taking 6 months or more[
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