Garcinia lanceolata Ridl.
Garcinia merguensis is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 12 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, and for its latex.
Southeast Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Cambodia.
]. Common in lowland to lower montane forest, sometimes on limestone, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
]. The fruit is a subglobose, thinly woody berry, 13mm in diameter, tipped by a conspicuous disk-like stigma 3mm wide and with a subpersistent calyx[
The latex contains a large proportion of free resin acids and a comparatively small amount of resin esters and is quite different from gamboge obtained from Garcinia morella[
]. It is not available in commercial quantities, but is used locally. The latex is collected and mixed with twice its volume of turpentine and boiled 3 times to make a pale brown-yellow varnish[
The wood is red-yellow, flexible and light, but is little used[
Seed - we have no specific information on this species, but the seed of most members of the genus can be slow to germinate, even if sown fresh, often taking 6 months or more[
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