Cambogia gummi-gutta L.
Cambogia solitaria Stokes
Garcinia affinis Wight & Arn.
Garcinia cambogia Desr.
Garcinia sulcata Stokes
Mangostana cambogia Gaertn.
Common Name: Camboge
Camboge is an evergreen tree with a rounded crown growing 5 - 20 metres tall[
]. The bole can be around 70cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit and gum-resin, that has medicinal and various other uses. The tree is also cultivated outside its native range, especially in China, Malaysia and the Philippines[
]. The fruit rind is traded in large quantities[
]. The tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
E. Asia - southern India.
An understorey tree of semi-evergreen to evergreen forests, found in both hilly areas and plains, but growing best along riverbanks and in valleys; growing at elevations from 50 - 1,800 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Wind, Bees, small weevils
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of hot, wet, tropical climates[
]. It grows best in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 15 - 30Â°c and the mean annual rainfall is 1,500 - 4,000mm[
Succeeds in both dry or occasionally inundated soils[
Seed-grown plants start bearing after 10-12 years whereas grafts from the third year onwards and will attain the stage of full bearing at the age of 12-15 years[
There are also reports of off-season bearers, bearing twice annually[
The orange yellow mature fruits either drop from the tree or are harvested manually. The rind is separated for processing immediately after harvest[
G. Gummi-gatta flowers in the dry season. It appears to be pollinated by wind, bees and small weevils of the genus Deleromus (Curculionidae)[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. A very sour flavour[
]. Used in curries[
]. The fruit is a green, ovoid berry, turning yellow or red when fully ripe, around 5cm in diameter[
The rinds of the ripe fruits are processed and used as a condiment to impart flavour and taste and to improve keeping quality[
The dried seeds yield a protein and fat-rich butter, popularly known as 'uppage tuppa'[
The fruit juice or syrup is used as a coolant and helps to reduce body fat[
A decoction made from the plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of rheumatism and bowel complaints[
An extract obtained from the mature fruit rind, Hydroxy Citric Acid, is used as a treatment against obesity[
The tree provides good shade for shade-loving crops such as ginger, or it can be grown in association with other field crops, including medicinal plants[
The tree can also be grown as a perennial intercrop with coconut and areca nut[
Gamboge, a gum-resin obtained from the plant, is used as a yellow dye, as an illuminant and in varnishes, water colours etc[
The wood is used in construction and furniture making[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, though viability can be maintained for 1 - 2 months in moist storage at 20Â°c[
]. We have no specific information on this species, but the seed of most members of the genus can be slow to germinate, even if sown fresh, often taking 6 months or more[
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