Garcinia antidysenterica A.Chev.
Garcinia brevipedicellata (Baker f.) Hutch. & Dalziel
Garcinia mannii brevipedicellata Baker f.
Garcinia afzelii is an evergreen tree with a rounded, bushy crown; it can grow up to 15 metres tall, occasionally to 18 metres. The bole is short[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of food, medicines and materials. The roots and branches are commonly used as chewsticks, being much harvested from the wild and often sould in markets of western Africa[
This species is heavily exploited in the wild as a source of chewsticks. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Western Tropical Africa - Cote d'Ivoire to Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Congo.
Riverine forests; an understorey tree in dry forests or in rain-forests; forest relicts; gallery forests; at elevations from 450 - 1,280 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The fruits are brownish-yellow, to 2 .5 cm in diameter and contain 2 - 4 seeds embedded in an acidulous pulp which is edible and much relished[
Traphia wine in which root-bark has been soaked is drunk in Sierra Leone as an aphrodisiac[
The seeds are acknowledged to be highly erogenic so that they â€˜should not be eaten when brother and sister are left alone[
The bark is chewed in Sierra Leone as a treatment for cough and stomach-ache, or a decoction of it is taken[
Phytochemical tests have shown the presence of a high amount of flavonic substances in the chew-sticks and of tannins and flavones in root- and stem-barks, also of gamboge which is haemostatic, antiseptic and vulnerary[
The tree is much exploited as a source of chewsticks, which are used for cleaning the teeth and strengthening the gums[
The roots particularly, but sometimes the twigs, are used as chew-sticks. They are commonly cut up into pencil-lengths and traded in markets in Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast and Ghana. Use of them is held to strengthen the gums and to prevent dental caries. Phytochemical tests have shown the presence of a high amount of flavonic substances in the chew-sticks and of tannins and flavones in root- and stem-barks, also of gamboge which is haemostatic, antiseptic and vulnerary[
The sap-wood is whitish, turning to yellow in the air; heart-wood is pinkish to deep yellow or olive-brown at the centre. The wood is hard, heavy, fine-grained and takes a good polish. It is suitable for carpentry and general construction-work though liable to fungal attack. It is resistant to teredo worm and so is used for wharves and bridges. In Sierra Leone it furnishes a pole-crop from forest reserves[
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