Crateva gorarema Vell.
Gallesia gorarema (Vell.) Moq.
Gallesia ovata O.C.Schmidt
Thouinia integrifolia Spreng.
Gallesia integrifolia is an evergreen tree with a wide crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall[
]. The bole is short, but can be 70 - 140cm in diameter[
]. The leaves, and any cut surface of the tree, smell strongly of garlic, the aroma being noticeable for a considerable distance in wet or humid weather[
The tree is harvested from the wild for use as a timber, soap substitute and a variety of medicinal uses. It furnishes an excellent shade and is often used in landscaping in parks and large gardens[
S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador.
Seasonally dry forests at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
]. Dense primary forests and secondary formations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant mainly of lowland tropical areas, though it can extend to elevations of 1,500 metres in Bolivia and Peru[
Prefers a sunny position[
]. Prefers a deep, moist, very fertile soil[
When planted out, young plants establish well and grow away quickly, easily reaching a height of 3 - 4 metres within 2 years[
A decoction of the wood is used in the treatment of lymphatic system diseases and intestinal worms[
An essential oil obtained from the plant is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[
A fast-growing, pioneer species, it is an excellent species for reforesting reclaimed land[
The leaves are used as a soap substitute[
The wood is moderately heavy; hard to cut; with an irregular grain and a medium to thick texture[
]. It is susceptible to wood-eating organisms[
]. It is used for boards, laths, temporary buildings, light boxes etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a nursery seedbed in light shade[
]. A germination rate of 80% or more can be achieved, with the seeds sprouting in 10 - 20 days[
]. Pot up the seedlings into individual containers when they are 4 - 5cm tall and they are usually ready for planting into their permanent positions within 4 months[
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