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Useful Tropical Plants

Funtumia africana

(Benth.) Stapf

Apocynaceae

+ Synonyms

Funtumia congolana (De Wild.) Jum.

Funtumia gilletii (De Wild.) Jum.

Funtumia latifolia (Stapf) Stapf

Funtumia scheffleri (K.Schum.) Jum.

Funtumia zenkeri (K.Schum.) Jum.

Kibatalia africana (Benth.) Merr.

Kibatalia latifolia (Stapf) Merr.

Kibatalia scheffieri (K.Schum.) Merr.

Kibatalia zenkeri (K.Schum.) Merr.

Kixia africana Benth.

Kixia congolana De Wild.

Kixia gilletii De Wild.

Kixia latifolia Stapf

Kixia scheffleri K.Schum.

Kixia zenkeri K.Schum.

Common Name:

Funtumia africana
Close-up of the flowers
Photograph by: Bart Wursten
Creative Commons License
Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana Funtumia africana

General Information

Funtumia africana is a tree with a narrow crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall, but is usually shorter. The slender, cylindrical bole can be up to 50cm in diameter and is unbuttressed[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials. Unlike the closely related Funtumia elastica, the latex of this species does not furnish a high quality rubber.

Known Hazards

The latex obtained from this plant is a weak ingredient and adherent for poisoned arrows[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal, through Cameroon, Central African Republic to Uganda and Kenya, south to Angola, DR Congo, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

Habitat

Deciduous and evergreen forests, usually occupying the second storey, under the canopy. The tree is also commonly found in areas of secondary regrowth[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees, Insects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The tree is of rapid growth, and is an evanescent colonizer of abandoned land[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The roots, pounded and mixed with palm-wine and water, have been used in the treatment of incontinence of urine[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. A root-decoction is drunk as a treatment for amoebic dysentery[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The dried powdered leaves are used to treat fire-burns[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

A number of alkaloids has been reported present in the leaves, and other parts. Principally are funtumine and funtumidine. They are hypotensive and locally anaesthetic. They are easily transformed into steroidal hormones[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The tree is of rapid growth, and is an evanescent colonizer of abandoned land[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It casts a heavy, cool shade; its root system protects moist forest soil from erosion, whilst the leaf litter improves the fertility of the surrounding soil[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Other Uses

A latex exudes copiously from wounds in the bark[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. A gluey texture, unlike the latex from the related Funtumia elastica, the latex from this species cannot be used to make a good quality rubber[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Using this latex as an adulterant of better latexes leads to imperfect coagulation and consequently a valueless rubber[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The seed pod contains a fine floss surrounding the seeds. This is used for stuffing pillows, and in some areas is preferred over the more commonly used Ceiba kapok[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

The white wood is soft, uniform in texture and fine-grained. It is easy to work and is ubiquitously used for carving, and for making items such as stools, bowls, clogs, doors, paddles, and miscellaneous household requirements[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. It is said to be durable enough in Liberia for sawing into planks and house-timbers though it is subject to stain and to attack by beetle[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The wood is used for fuel[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-02-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Funtumia+africana>

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