Moghania chappar (Benth.) Kuntze
Maughania chappar (Benth.) Kuntze
Flemingia chappar is an erect, deciduous perennial plant with stems that become more or less woody; it can grow around 1 - 3 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine.
E. Asia - southern China (Yunnan), India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos
Open, moist places; at elevations from 150 - 600 metres in Nepal[
]. The plant can form a dense, shrubby underwood in evergreen Sal forest[
]. Dry forests in Myanmar.
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Species in this genus generally succeed in sunny and partially shady positions so long as the soil is well-drained[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The fresh flowers are chewed by children[
The plant (part not specified) is used in the treatment of epilepsy, hysteria, insomnia and to relieve pain[
The roots are used in the treatment of epilepsy, insomnia, acidity and stomach disorders. [
]. The pounded or powdered root is taken internally in the treatment of filariasis[
One to two drops of juice extracted from the pressed seeds is put in the eyes as a remedy in eye troubles and also to remove cataract. [
The leaf juice, mixed with seven drops of mustard oil and a little amount of jaggery, is used in the treatment of eye pain[
A 50% etanolic extract of the aerial parts of the plantr has been reported to have anticancer activity[
Flemichapparins isolated from the plant have been shown to possess antifungal activity[1463.
The wood is used for toothbrushes[
Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
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