Ficus pulvinifera Baker
Ficus sphaerophylla Baker
Ficus trichophlebia Baker
Ficus tiliifolia is a tree growing up to 20 metres tall[
The tree is occasionally cultivated in eastern Madagascar as a source of fibre and edible fruits[
Africa - northern and central Madagascar, Comores
Forests, at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
Fruit - raw[
]. The subglobose fruit is 15 - 25mm in diameter[
A fibre obtained from the bark is used to make textiles and nets[
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