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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus pertusa

L.f.

Moraceae


Ficus arpazusa, treated here as a synonym, is accepted as a valid species in the online 2012 Flora do Brasil. Should Ficus arpazusa be generally accepted as valid in the future, then the main source of information about it can be found in Brazilian Trees, Vol. 3[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

+ Synonyms

Ficus arbutifolia Pers.

Ficus arpazusa Casar.

Ficus baccata (Liebm.) Miq.

Ficus cerasifolia Kunth & Bouché

Ficus cerasifolia Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Ficus ciliolosa Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Ficus complicata Kunth

Ficus consanguinea Kunth & Bouché

Ficus daphniphylla Miq.

Ficus elliptica (Herzog) Herter

Ficus erythrosticta (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus fadyeni Miq.

Ficus fasciculata S.Watson

Ficus faydeni Miq.

Ficus garcesii Dugand

Ficus gardeniifolia Miq.

Ficus gemina (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus grabhamii Britton ex Fawc. & Rendle

Ficus halliana Britton ex Fawc. & Rendle

Ficus immersa Warb. ex Glaz.

Ficus kanukuensis Standl.

Ficus lancifolia Hook. & Arn.

Ficus morantensis Britton ex Fawc. & Rendle

Ficus myrtifolia Link

Ficus ochroleuca Griseb.

Ficus padifolia Kunth

Ficus palmicida Pittier

Ficus periplocaefolia Kunth & Bouché

Ficus peruviana (Miq.) Rossberg

Ficus planicostata Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Ficus polypus Schiede ex Miq.

Ficus populnea planicostata (Kunth & C.D.Bouché) Warb.

Ficus prinoides Hassl.

Ficus radicans Casar.

Ficus rolandri (Liebm.) Miq.

Ficus sapida (Liebm.) Miq.

Ficus sonorae S.Watson

Ficus subtriplinervia Mart.

Ficus sulcipes (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus tapajozensis Standl.

Ficus tarapotina Warb.

Ficus trachelosyce Dugand

Ficus turbinata (Liebm.) Miq.

Pharmacosycea laurifolia Miq.

Pharmacosycea peruviana Miq.

Urostigma baccatum Liebm.

Urostigma cestrifolium major Miq.

Urostigma complicatum (Kunth) Liebm.

Urostigma erythrostictum Miq.

Urostigma geminum Miq.

Urostigma lancifolium Miq.

Urostigma padifolium (Kunth) Liebm.

Urostigma pertusum (L.f.) Miq.

Urostigma planicostatum Miq.

Urostigma populneum mexicanum Miq.

Urostigma rolandri Liebm.

Urostigma sapidum Liebm.

Urostigma schiedeanum Miq.

Urostigma subtriplinervium (Mart.) Miq.

Urostigma sulcipes Miq.

Urostigma turbinatum Liebm.

Common Name:

Ficus pertusa
Young tree, already producing prop roots
Photograph by: Wuarimono
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
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General Information

Ficus pertusa is a semievergreen to evergreen tree with a wide, dense, pyramidal crown; It usually grows around 4 - 12 metres tall but there are records of plants up to 30 metres tall with a huge, wide crown and numerous aerial roots and trunks. The short, crooked bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The plant sometimes begins life as an epiphyte, growing in the branch of another tree; as it grows older it sends down aerial roots which, when they reach the ground quickly form roots and become much thicker and more vigorous. They supply nutrients to the fig, allowing it to grow faster than the host tree. Eventually the aerial roots encircle the host tree, preventing its main trunk from expanding, whilst at the same time the foliage smothers the foliage of the host. Eventually the host dies, leaving the fig to carry on growing without competition.
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of low quality wood. The fruit is sometimes sold in local markets[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
736
Title
Flora of West Tropical Africa
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=2025
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online flora, not yet complet (2012). Very comprehensive as regards to species covered, but the information on each species is often rather terse.

Range

S. America - Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to northern Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad.

Habitat

Rainforests and seasonal semideciduous forests, usually in more open situations, favouring well-drained, rocky soils[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Wet, evergreen forest formations from sea level to 2,000 metres, but usually found between 900 - 1,600 metres[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height5.00 m
Growth RateMedium
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position in a well-drained soil[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Young plants have a moderate rate of growth[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. A sweet flavour, they are much liked by children[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Pale yellow when ripe[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

The latex is used as a vermifuge[
558
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 30
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University, Boston.
Year
1984 - 1986
ISBN
 
Description
A series of botanical articles. It contains an article on the medicinal and toxic plants of the northwest Amazon. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The latex is spread on the skin to relieve itching due probably to fungal infections[
558
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 30
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University, Boston.
Year
1984 - 1986
ISBN
 
Description
A series of botanical articles. It contains an article on the medicinal and toxic plants of the northwest Amazon. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

A decoction of the root bark is used to treat fevers[
411
Title
Trees and Shrubs of Mexico
Publication
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol 23
Author
Standley P.C.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution; Washington
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
Although dated, it contains a wealth of information on the trees and shrubs of Mexico, including many of their uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

The creamy yellow to pale pinkish-brown becomes dark grey upon exposure due to stain. It is coarse-textured, straight-grained, light in weight but firm, easy to cut, not durable and very susceptible to termites. Of low quality, it is only used for purposes such as door fillings, troughs and boxes[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. The seed is very small and an easy way of obtaining it from the tree is to collect the fruits and place them in a plastic bag then leave them until the fruit is partially decomposed. Then mix the fruit with some water to make a suspension of seeds and pulp - this suspension can be sown directly onto the seedbed. A low germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 50 days[
625
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 3.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2009
ISBN
85-86714-34-4
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-03-07. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ficus+pertusa>

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