Ficus arukensis Standl.
Ficus haughtii Standl.
Ficus hydrophila Pittier
Ficus manabiensis C.C.Berg
Ficus myrmecophila Warb.
Ficus orinocensis Pittier
Ficus panamensis Standl.
Ficus peroblonga Dugand
Ficus putumayonis Dugand
Ficus thelephora Benoist
Ficus uberrima Standl.
Ficus williamsii (Rusby) Rossberg
Urostigma paraense Miq.
Urostigma williamsii Rusby
Ficus paraensis is a small to medium-sized tree[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Guatemala.
Young coastal plain, swamp forest, savannah and savannah forests[
]. At elevations up to 600 metres[
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
The powdered ash of burned young stems is ingested as a treatment for children's diarrhoea[
The latex is used as a vermifuge[
The latex is applied topically in the treatment of sprains, wounds and cuts[[
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