Covellia assamica Miq.
Covellia courtallensis Miq.
Covellia daemonum (J.König ex Vahl) Miq.
Covellia dasycarpa Miq.
Covellia hispida (L.f.) Miq.
Covellia oppositifolia (Roxb.) Gasp.
Covellia setulosa Miq.
Covellia wightiana Miq.
Ficus caudiculata Trimen
Ficus compressa S.S.Chang
Ficus daemonum K.D.Koenig ex Vahl
Ficus fecunda Blume
Ficus goolereea Roxb.
Ficus heterostyla Merr.
Ficus hispidioides S.Moore
Ficus letaqui H.Lév. & Vaniot
Ficus lima Royen ex Miq.
Ficus mollis Willd.
Ficus oppositifolia Willd.
Ficus perinteregam Pennant
Ficus poilanei Gagnep.
Ficus prominens Wall. ex Miq.
Ficus sambucixylon H.Lév.
Ficus scabra Jacq.
Ficus simphytifolia Lam.
Ficus symphytifolia Spreng.
Gonosuke demonum Raf.
Gonosuke hispida (L.f.) Raf.
Gonosuke scaber Raf.
Sycomorphe roxburghii Miq.
Common Name: Hairy Fig
Hairy fig is a shrub or small tree with a spredaing crown; it can grow up to 17 metres tall with a bole up to 25cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for use as a food and medicine.
The fruits are emetic and, in quantity, cause intestinal irritation which may lead to death[
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, to New Guinea and Australia.
Open places along the base of foothills at elevations of 500 - 1,100 metres[
]. An understorey tree in disturbed (open) mixed dipterocarp, regrowth and swamp forests at elevations to 100 metres. In alluvial sites and along rivers and streams[
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Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. Unripe green fruits are cooked as a vegetable whilst ripe fruits are eaten fresh[
]. The fruits are emetic, see notes above on toxicity[
]. The fruit is up to 3cm in diameter, it is often produced in clusters up to 1 metre long along the trunk and main stems of the tree[
The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers[
The bark is antiperiodic, emetic and tonic[
The fruit is emetic[
]. The juice of the fig is used in the treatment of liver problems[
A fibre obtained from the inner bark is used for cordage[
Seed - germinates best at a temperature around 20°c[
Tip cuttings around 4 - 12cm long, taken from lateral branches[
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