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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus heteropleura

Blume

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Ficus acuminata Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Ficus caudatifolia Warb.

Ficus crenulata Hassk.

Ficus eucaudata Elmer

Ficus euryifolia Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Ficus intermedia Griff.

Ficus mindanaensis Warb.

Ficus radicans Roxb.

Ficus rostrata urophylla (Wall. ex Miq.) Valeton

Ficus urophylla Wall. ex Miq.

Common Name:

Ficus heteropleura
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: Cerlin Ng
Creative Commons License
Ficus heteropleura Ficus heteropleura Ficus heteropleura Ficus heteropleura

General Information

Ficus heteropleura. We have conflicting reports on the habit of this plant. According to one it is a tree up to 20 metres tall, with a bole up to 25cm in diameter, that often starts life as an epiphyte in the branch of a tree but eventually out-competes and kills that tree[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. Another report says that it is a is a scandent, twining shrub or liana with hanging side-branches, not a root-climber, but sometimes epiphytic; with a stem to 10cm diameter and stems up to 20 metres long[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

An understorey tree in undisturbed mixed dipterocarp and sub-montane forests at elevations up to 1,500 metres. Mostly on hillsides and ridges, but also along the sides of rivers and streams[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild on both sandy and clay soils[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

An infusion of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for constipation[
514
Title
Medicinal Plants Used by Chakma Tribe in Hill Tracts Districts of Bangladesh.
Publication
 
Author
Rahman M.A.; Uddin S.B.; Wilcock C.C.
Publisher
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.
Year
2007 Vol 6(3)
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of medicinal plants used by the Chakma tribe.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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