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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus deltoidea

Jack

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Erythrogyne lutescens (Desf.) Vis.

Ficus diversifolia Blume

Ficus lutescens Desf.

Ficus ovoidea Jack

Ficus retusa ovoidea (Jack) Miq.

Ficus sideroxylifolia Griff.

Ficus spathulata Miq.

Ficus viscifolia Kunth & C.D.Bouché

Synoecia diversifolia Miq.

Common Name:

Ficus deltoidea
Fruits and leaves
Photograph by: David Stang
Creative Commons License
Ficus deltoidea Ficus deltoidea Ficus deltoidea Ficus deltoidea

General Information

Ficus deltoidea is usually found as an evergreen epiphyte or small shrub that can grow up to 2 metres tall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Another report says that it can become a tree up to 14 metres tall with a bole 26cm in diameter[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. The plant produces aerial roots when growing in warm, humid conditions[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is often used as an ornamental. Various selections are commercially grown as pot plants in temperate regions[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

The latex may have been applied as fish poison[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

An understorey plant, common in lowlands and mountains, at elevations up to 3,200 metres. Generally occurring as an epiphyte, but found as a terrestrial bush on sandy shores and mountain tops and bogs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds in full sun and in partial shade. Found in a variety of soils including sandy, limestone and clay[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is reported to be an effective remedy against leucorrhoea[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. As it promotes contraction of the vagina it is also considered an aphrodisiac[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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