Ficus ashtonii Kochummen
Ficus clementis Merr.
Ficus crassicalyx Elmer
Ficus patellifera Warb.
Ficus procera Reinw. ex Blume
Ficus rigida (Miq.) Miq.
Ficus stupenda Miq.
Ficus subgelderi rigida (Miq.) Corner
Ficus subtecta Corner
Photograph by: Ria Tan
Ficus crassiramea is an evergreen tree with a large, spreading canopy; it can grow up to 52 metres tall. The bole can be up to 61cm in diameter[
]. As the tree grows older the bole becomes strongly buttressed[
]. It often starts life as an epiphyte in the branch of a tree and can eventually send down aerial roots that, once they reach the ground, provide extra nutrients that help the plant grow more vigorously. These aerial roots can completely encircle the trunk of the host tree, constricting its growth - this, coupled with the more vigorous top growth, can lead to the fig outcompeting and killing the tree in which it is growing[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for llocal medicinal use.
Southeast Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
An emergent tree in undisturbed to slightly disturbed mixed dipterocarp, (peat)-swamp and coastal forests at elevations up to 100 metres. Usually found on alluvial sites, near or along the sides of rivers and streams[
Found wild in a range of soils from sandy to clay[
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
The roots, bark and leaves are pounded into a past and used against snake bites[
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