Ficus barnesii Merr.
Ficus conora King
Ficus endothrix Warb.
Ficus mindoroensis Merr.
Ficus miquelii King
Ficus sordidissima Elmer
Ficus sorsogonensis Elmer
Ficus subalbidoramea Elmer
Ficus teregam Pennant
Ficus trichantha Warb.
Urostigma caulocarpum Miq.
Urostigma stipulosum Miq.
Ficus botryocarpa is a laxly branched tree growing up to 14 metres tall[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine.
Southeast Asia - Indonesia, Philippines, through New Guinea to New Britain.
Lowland to montane forest, in both dense primary forest and secondary formations, often by riversides; at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
The varieties Ficus botryocarpa linearifolia and subalbidoramea have larger fruits than the type species[
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
Fruit - raw[
]. The yellowish-white, subglobose fruit is 15 - 27mm in diameter[
The fruit latex is placed on a boil to effect healing[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.