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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus adenosperma

Miq.

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Ficus chaetophora Warb.

Ficus depressa Benth.

Ficus frutescens F.M.Bailey

Ficus novae-hannoverae Engl.

Ficus pauper King

Ficus thelostoma Warb.

Ficus trichoneura Summerh.

Ficus turbinata Ridl.

Common Name:

Ficus adenosperma
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Idris Abdul Haris
Creative Commons License
Ficus adenosperma Ficus adenosperma Ficus adenosperma

General Information

Ficus adenosperma is a shrub or a tree that can grow from 6 - 20 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 11 - 20cm in diameter and unbranched for around 2 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of a low quality wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

286
Title
Flora of Australia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/abif/flora/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The full information from the Flora of Australia - on-line. An excellent resource.
,
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.

Range

Southeast Asia - Indonesia to New Guinea, north Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu.

Habitat

Dense primary and also in more open positions in secondary forest, chiefly near rivers, often developing thickets on sandbanks and islands; at elevations up to 2,500 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *
HabitTree
Height15.00 m
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


The plant is able to withstand occasional inundation of the soil and fast-flowing currents[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The latex, combined with an equal amount of the latex from Artocarpus altilis, is drunk as a treatment for menorrhagia[
389
Title
Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol. 37, pp179 - 196
Publication
 
Author
Bourdy. G. & Walter. A.
Publisher
Elsevier Scientific Publishers; Ireland.
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
Information on various herbs used to facilitate childbirth in Vanuatu. Available to download as a PDF document from the Internet.
].
The latex from the leaves is applied topically to sores and scabies[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The fresh roots are chewed to treat malaria[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The timber, which is of poor quality, has been used for house building[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-07-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ficus+adenosperma>

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