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Useful Tropical Plants

Fatoua villosa

(Thunb.) Nakai

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Fatoua aspera Gaudich.

Fatoua cordata Gaudich.

Fatoua globulifera Miq.

Fatoua japonica (Thunb.) Blume

Fatoua lanceolata Decne.

Fatoua scabra Miq.

Fatoua subcordata Gaudich.

Fleurya glechomifolia Miq.

Fleurya globulifera Miq.

Fleurya scabra Miq.

Urtica villosa Thunb.

Common Name:

Fatoua villosa
Flowering stems
Photograph by: Mark Czarnota, University of Georgia
Creative Commons License
Fatoua villosa Fatoua villosa Fatoua villosa Fatoua villosa

General Information

Fatoua villosa is a monoecious, annual or perennial, ascending or erect, often half-woody herb up to 100 cm tall, without latex; stem with hooked hairs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
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Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - China, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia to New Guinea, northern Australia and the western Pacific.

Habitat

Dry thickets, grassy places, on walls, stony sites and cliffs at elevations up to 1,200 metres. It may form a carpet of growth in light secondary forest[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]..

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.70 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The plant has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in the United States, where it is likely to become a weed[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Female flowers of Fatoua villosa predominate in inflorescences positioned in the lower and middle parts of the stem, male ones in those of the upper parts[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The roots are depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue and febrifuge[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. A decoction is used as a treatment against fevers. An infusion is prescribed to treat irregular menstruation and as a diuretic[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The crushed and roasted roots are used to prepare a depurative medicine for women after childbirth[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A decoction of the roots is an effective treatment for swollen gums when used as a gargle[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The ground yellow roots, known as 'greges otot', used to be smeared on the legs of children with weak legs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The chewed leaf is considered a remedy against stomach-ache[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The methanol root extract has been found to contain phototoxins that possess a UV-A light activated anti-microbial activity[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. The compound responsible for this is the furanocoumarin 5-methoxypsoralen (5-MOP or bergapten)[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Dermatosis may arise after plants containing linear furanocoumarins come into direct contact with the skin, if this is immediately followed by exposure to UV-A light, e.g. from the sun[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Due to this mechanism of DNA synthesis inhibition, several psoralens are used in therapy for the treatment of psoriasis. Therapy might consist of application of psoralens orally or locally, followed by irradiation with UV-A light[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -

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