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Useful Tropical Plants

Fagraea elliptica

Roxb.

Gentianaceae

+ Synonyms

Cyrtophyllum speciosum Blume

Fagraea aurantiodora S.Moore

Fagraea javanensis (Blume) Bakh.f.

Fagraea kimangu Blume

Fagraea picrophloea Blume

Fagraea pseudoelliptica Kaneh. & Hatus.

Fagraea pusilliflora Bakh.f.

Fagraea speciosa (L.) Blume

Fagraea sumatrana Miq.

Fagraea valida Miq.

Willughbeia elliptica Spreng.

Common Name:

Fagraea elliptica
Flowering branches
Photograph by: Tjut Jul Fatisa Bangun
Creative Commons License
Fagraea elliptica Fagraea elliptica Fagraea elliptica

General Information

Fagraea elliptica is a tree that can grow up to 45 metres tall, though is sometimes a large shrub. The bole can be 15 - 150cm or more in diameter, sometimes with buttresses up to 100cm high[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].
The tree is commonly harvested from the wild for its wood, which is an important source of 'tembesu' timber and is used locally and also traded.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea.

Habitat

Both dry and marshy or temporarily inundated soils, mostly on sand, often along rivers, in humid forests, open forests, shrubberies, heath forest, grass wastes, rocky strand forest, also as a shrub on open dry hill-tops; sea-level up to 1,800 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant (part not specified) is used to treat stomach aches[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Other Uses

The latex found under the skin of the fruits is often used as an adhesive[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

The wood is used for house and bridge building[
611
Title
Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java
Publication
 
Author
Hari Priyadi et al
Website
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org
Publisher
Center for International Forestry Research; Indonesia.
Year
2010
ISBN
978-602-8693-22-6
Description
Brief details of the uses of 500 Indonesian plants. It is available as a PDF document to download from the internet.
].
We have no more information on the wood for this species. However, the following is a general description of the wood for members of this genus:-
The heartwood is yellowish-brown to light brown, darkening upon exposure to a deep golden- or orange-brown; it is not clearly demarcated from the generally lighter coloured sapwood. The texture is variable, from fine to somewhat coarse; the grain is straight to irregular; the wood is lustrous; it has a distinct aromatic and somewhat acid odour when freshly cut, but this does not persist upon seasoning. The heartwood is reported to be very durable in ground contact and very resistant to termite attack; resistance to marine borer attack is questionable. It is reported to season slowly, otherwise it dries with little or no degrade. In Fiji quartersawing is suggested to minimize surface checking. Considering the high density, the wood is easy to saw and machine; it takes a good finish; some species are rather abrasive, however, and dull cutting edges; it is a good carving timber and turns well. The wood is used for purposes such as heavy construction, flooring, turnery, carvings, printing dies, specialty items (such as rulers, T-squares, straight edges), railroad crossties, boat construction[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -

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