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Useful Tropical Plants

Fagaropsis angolensis

(Engl.) Dale

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Clausena melioides Hiern

Clausenopsis angolensis Engl.

Vepris angolensis Engl.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Fagaropsis angolensis is a deciduous tree with a spreading crown; it usually grows from 7 - 24 metres tall, but specimens up to 40 metres have been recorded. The usually straight and cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 18 metres, though it is often branched near the base; it is up to 100cm in diameter, occasionally to 200cm; sometimes with buttresses at the base. The pinkish grey bark is more or less rough, sometimes with corky outgrowths[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.
Although this species is widespread and not immediately endangered, it is uncommon in several regions within its distribution area, especially in southern Africa. It is among the top ten priority species that are to be considered for conservation in south-western Ethiopia. In the West Usambara Mountains of Tanzania it has been heavily exploited for its timber and is threatened at present[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

East tropical Africa - Ethiopia, eastern DR Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, eastern Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.

Habitat

Dry evergreen forest, sometimes moist forest; rain-forest, especially on the edges; upland forest with Podocarpus, also extending into lowland Celtis-Aningeria altissima forest; at elevations from 1,000 - 2,600 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



Trees have a moderately fast rate of growth[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Trees can be managed by coppicing[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Logs are susceptible to splitting in felling operations, sometimes over the full length of the bole. To avoid splitting, it has been suggested that the standing tree be ring-barked a year before felling[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
In Uganda heavy predation of seedlings by rodents has been recorded[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The stem bark is used in traditional medicine to treat malaria[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The root is chewed as an expectoran[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]t. The powdered root is taken in drinks or gruel to treat male sterility[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Several alkaloids and limonoids have been isolated from the stem bark, including the anti-malarial benzophenanthridine alkaloid nitidine[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Methanol and aqueous extracts of the stem bark have shown considerable in-vitro activity against both chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive Plasmodium falciparum strains[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Methanol extracts have shown significant toxicity in the brine shrimp test, but water extracts have shown only mild toxicity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The compounds canthin-6-one and 5-methoxycanthin-6-one showed fungicidal activity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]

Other Uses

The heartwood is yellowish grey to dark green or brown tinged with green or yellow, darkening on exposure; it is fairly distinctly demarcated from the up to 6cm wide band of pale yellow or greenish to greyish white sapwood. The grain is usually straight, occasionally wavy, texture moderately fine and even. Growth rings are distinct. The wood is lustrous. Due to variations in colour and grain, the wood sometimes has a beautiful figure on both radial and tangential sections and also on peeled veneer. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately durable to durable and moderately resistant to termite attack, but liable to Lyctus and marine borer attacks. Drying does not usually cause problems, with little deformation, except for end splitting in thick material. The rates of shrinkage are moderate. Boards 25mm thick air dry in 4 weeks in Tanzania, and boards 50mm thick in 3 months. The wood is often only moderately stable in service, splitting of fixed panels being common when the air humidity is low. Boards may split during conversion of the log, but the dry wood saws and works fairly easily with both hand and machine tools. It can be finished to a smooth surface and polishes well. The moulding, mortising and turning properties are all satisfactory. Pre-boring before nailing is necessary; the nail-holding power is good. The wood is used for flooring, furniture and panelling. It is also suitable for light construction, joinery, interior trim, vehicle bodies, sporting goods, toys, novelties, musical instruments, carving, turnery, veneer and plywood[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The wood is used for fuel and for making charcoal[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - pre-treatment before sowing is not necessary. The germination rate of fresh seed is generally high, but seeds lose their viability rapidly, within 2 months.
Root suckers can also be used for propagation[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

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