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Useful Tropical Plants

Eysenhardtia orthocarpa

(A.Gray) S.Watson

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eysenhardtia amorphoides orthocarpa A.Gray

Eysenhardtia reticulata Pennell

Viborquia orthocarpa (A.Gray) Cockerell

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eysenhardtia orthocarpa is a much-branched shrub or a small tree usually growing 2 - 5 metres tall[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1457
Title
Eysenhardtia (Leguminosae): Taxonomic revision and relationships
Publication
Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 4750. Iowa State University 1972
Author
Lang J.M.
Website
http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/4750
Publisher
Iowa State University
Year
1972
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southwestern N. America - Arizon to northwest Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa)

Habitat

Oak woodland, tropical deciduous woodland, dry woodland, grassland, often by the sides of streams and on hills, growing on rocky slopes and washes; at elevations from 730 - 1,550 metres[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height3.50 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Eysenhardtia orthocarpa is native from the warm temperate zone of Arizona to the tropics of central Mexico. It is found in mainly sub-arid zones but experiences a mean annual rainfall that can be as low as 50mm but is usually within the range 400 - 1,750mm
Succeeds in full sun and in light shade. Found in the wild on limestone soils, on rocky granite slopes and on conglomerate soils[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
Although many species within the family Fabaceae have a symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria, this species is said to be devoid of such a relationship and therefore does not fix atmospheric nitrogen[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is febrifuge. It is used in the treatment of fevers[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The wood steeped in water makes a sweet, refreshing drink, much relished by fever patients[
1186
Title
Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium Vol. 1
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
Government Printing Office; Washingtom
Year
1895
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical magazine containing a range of articles.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The flowers are a good source of nectar and are relished by bees[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is reddish-brown, streaked with black; it is clearly demarcated from the yellow sapwood, The texture is rather fine, the grain close and moderately straight, texture is waxy. The wood is hard, heavy and durable, it takes a fine polish and finishes smoothly. Of rather good quality, but seldom available and then usually only in small pieces. It is used for making small items, particularly handles of tools[
638
Title
The Woods of the United States
Publication
 
Author
Sargent C.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
D. Appleton & Co.; New York
Year
1885
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on the woods of a large number of N. American species of trees and shrubs. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The wood is used in construction and to make poles for fences[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
,
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The wood is used for fuel[
1456
Title
Revisión del género Eysenhardtiaa (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae).
Publication
A postgraduate Thesis at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Author
Ramiro Cruz Durán
Publisher
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed - sow in trays in light shade in a nursery. No presoaking is necessary, though 12 hours in warm water might speed up the process. Germination is best at daytime temperatures of 20 - 30°c with 12 hours of light each day, though it will also germinate in the dark at temperatures from 15 - 40°c[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
]. Be very careful with the seedlings, they are very susceptible to damping off. Pot up when seedlings have three sets of true leaves and plant out when around 15 - 25cm tall.
Seed can also be sown whilst still in the seedpods. The pods should be soaked for 72 hours prior to sowing, with the water being changed every 8 hours[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Cuttings of soft or semi-hard wood, 10 - 15cm long are quite easy and tend to root in 3 - 4 weeks[
277
Title
Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://plants.usda.gov/java/factSheet
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database with an excellent collection of fact sheets about native N. American plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eysenhardtia+orthocarpa>

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