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Useful Tropical Plants

Excoecaria cochinchinensis

Lour.

Euphorbiaceae


In the literature confusion is possible with Triadica cochinchinensis Lour., which, however, is a tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

+ Synonyms

Antidesma bicolor Hassk.

Excoecaria bicolor (Hassk.) Zoll. ex Hassk.

Excoecaria orientalis Pax & K.Hoffm.

Excoecaria quadrangularis Müll.Arg.

Sapium cochinchinense (Lour.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Excoecaria cochinchinensis
Flowering stem
Photograph by: Mokkie
Creative Commons License
Excoecaria cochinchinensis Excoecaria cochinchinensis Excoecaria cochinchinensis

General Information

Excoecaria cochinchinensis is an evergreen shrub, usually growing up to 2 metres tall, occasionally becoming a tree up to 15 metres tall[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is often cultivated as an ornamental, valued especially for the colours of its leaves, and is also sometimes grown for medicinal use[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

The latex is an irritant and is used as a fish poison[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia.

Habitat

An understorey plant in forests and thickets at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Plants can succeed in shade or in full sun, requiring a moist, well-drained soil[
974
Title
Encyclopedia of Tropical Plants - Identification and Cultivation of over 3,000 Tropical Plants
Publication
 
Author
Ahmed Fayaz
Publisher
Firefly Books Ltd.; New Zealand
Year
2011
ISBN
978-1-55407-489
Description
A good photograph and terse but detailed information for over 3,000 species of tropical plants. An excellent reference.
].
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Inflorescences can be unisexual or bisexual[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

All parts of the plant are used as a medicine for the treatment of measles, parotitis, tonsillitis, and lumbar muscle strain[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

The plant is used in traditional medicine for its uterotonic properties[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A decoction of roasted leaves is a traditional remedy for urticaria and herpes zoster[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The leaves with a blood red colour underneath are applied topically to arrest bleeding[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The latex is an irritant[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Air layering.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-11-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Excoecaria+cochinchinensis>

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