Anisophyllum hypericifolium (L.) Haw.
Chamaesyce boliviana (Rusby) Croizat
Chamaesyce glomerifera Millsp.
Chamaesyce hypericifolia (L.) Millsp.
Ditritea obliqua Raf.
Euphorbia boliviana Rusby
Euphorbia cuspidata Bertol.
Euphorbia glomerifera (Millsp.) L.C.Wheeler
Euphorbia papilligera Boiss.
Euphorbia hypericifolia is an annual or perennial plant with spreading or erect branches. It can grow up to 60cm tall[
The plant is commonly used in many parts of the world in the treatment of a wide variety of gastro-intestinal disorders. It is widely traded in the United States, in both tablet and powder form, mainly to treat bowel disorders. It is also traded internationally through the internet[
Although we have seen no specific information for this plant, the latex in most, if not all Euphorbias is caustic and toxic - skin contact often causing irritation and blistering; contact with the eyes causing temporary or even permanent blindness; whilst ingestion can cause purging or more severe problems[
Throughout the tropical and subtropical Americas from Argentina to the southern states of the USA.
Aong roadsides, stony river sides, in waste places and as a weed in cultivation, at elevations from sea-level up to 600 metres[
Originally from tropical America, the plant has spread as a weed into many areas of the tropics[
The principal use of this plant in tropical and subtropical America is in a decoction or infusion of the leaves and roots for the treatment of a wide variety of gastro-intestinal disorders with watery and mucous discharges. It is also used in the treatment of gonorrhoea, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, pneumonia and bronchitis. The leaves have a sweetish taste, followed by a sensation of harshness[
The latex is taken in water as a purgative[
The latex is applied as a caustic on cuts and wounds[
A vapour bath of the leaf decoction is applied to treat headache.[
The plant is considered astringent and calming. A plant decoction is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and colic[
From the aerial parts aliphatic alcohols have been isolated as have the sterols taraxerol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campestol and the flavonoids kaemferol, quercetin, quercetrin (quercetin-3-rhamnoside), rhamnetin-3-galactoside, rhamnetin-3-rhamnoside and ellagic acid[
Leaf extracts showed significant growth inhibitory effect against Aspergillus flavus in vitro, and also inhibited the production of aflatoxins almost completely, with greater inhibition at higher concentrations[
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