This species is very similar to Euphorbia candelabrum, from East and northeastern Africa, and may be conspecific[
Euphorbia candelabrum Welw. ex Hiern
Euphorbia conspicua is a spiny, succulent tree that can grow from 5 - 15 metres tall[
]. The bole is up to 75cm in diameter. The plant's habit is very variable; the trunk can be simple and erect, or more often with a number of trunk-like branches randomly or subverticillately arranged; it is often freely branched and rebranched from towards the base to form a large, broadly rounded crown[
]. Leaves are only present in young plants, photosynthesis being carried out by the green, cactus-like stems. All parts of the plant exude an abundant latex if injured[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
Although we have seen no specific information for this plant, the latex in most, if not all Euphorbias is caustic and toxic - skin contact often causing irritation and blistering; contact with the eyes causing temporary or even permanent blindness; whilst ingestion can cause purging or more severe problems[
Tropical Africa - western Angola.
Coastal areas about 3 km inland (between Ambriz and Benguela, especially around Luanda); dry, hilly, maritime and rocky places; constituting dense forests, but sometimes solitary; maritime fields[
The latex is taken as a purgative to treat constipation, and also to treat breast inflammation, epilepsy, coughs and tuberculosis[
Cuttings root easily. They need to be stored in light shade for a few days to dry before being planted, or else they will rot. It is best to plant the cuttings when the rain is about to stop, in a well-drained soil[
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