Eugenia bracteata Vell.
Eugenia laevigata (O.Berg) D.Legrand
Eugenia minutifolia (Mattos & D.Legrand) Mattos
Phyllocalyx involucratus (DC.) O.Berg
Phyllocalyx laevigatus O.Berg
Stenocalyx involucratus (DC.) Kausel
Common Name: Cherry of the Rio Grande
Cherry of the Rio Grande is a deciduous tree with a dense, oval crown; it can grow 5 - 15 metres tall. The cylindrical bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter[
Abundantly cultivated in Rio Grande do Sul for its edible fruits, it is also grown as an ornamental plant[
Southern S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, southern and eastern Brazil and Bolivia.
Semi-deciduous forests, favouring the more open, secondary formations, usually above 350 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
A plant of low to moderate elevations in the subtropics, found at elevations above 350 metres in the tropics.
Prefers a sunny position[
A slow-growing plant[
The plant is quite variable in the size and quality of its fruit. There is a form known as dulcissima with a rounder fruit that is very sweet but with a less firm, lighter flesh[
]. Another form has much larger fruits that can be 5cm long with a firm, sweet flesh[
Fruit - raw and made into jellies[
]. A thick, fleshy, succulent pulp with a very pleasant, sweet or subacid flavour[
]. The fruit is about 3cm long and 2cm wide[
The wood is compact, moderately heavy, elastic, of good natural durability. It is used for making tool handles and other agricultural implements[
The wood is used for making charcoal[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. A high germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 40 days[
]. Seedlings grow away slowly[
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