Eucalyptus hemiphloia Benth.
Common Name: Grey Box
Eucalyptus moluccana is an evergreen tree with a dense, much-branched crown; it can grow up to 30 metres tall. The bole is usually straight and cylindrical, often more than 50% the total height of the tree and 60 - 120cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood and is also sometimes cultivated.
Australia - Queensland, New South Wales
Open woodland, usually near the coast and usually on heavy soils; at elevations up to 500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Eucalyptus moluccana has a very wide latitudinal range, being found at elevations up to 500 metres from the tropical regions of northern Queensland southwards to the warm temperate zone of New South Wales. With such a range the climate can be very varied, but summers are generaly hot, with the mean maximum temperature of the hottest month up to 35 °c; whilst the mean minimum temperature of the coldest month can be as low as 5 °c. Frosts are rare in the north, with up to 15 a year further south. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -5°c, but young growth is more tender and can be severely damaged at -1°c[
]. Mean annual rainfall can range from 500 - 1,000mm, falling mainly in the summer in some areas and all year round in others. There can be a dry season of up to 4 months[
Requires a sunny position, succeeding in a range of heavy to medium-textured, well-drained soils of moderate fertility[
]. Found mainly on heavy soils in the wild[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 6.5, tolerating 5 - 7[
A valuable tree for planting if a box-type wood is required. The latitudinal range of occurrence of more than 20° would make provenance testing desirable[
The flowers are a good source of nectar for bees[
The light brown wood has a fine uniform texture and generally interlocked grain. It is very hard, strong, with a density of 960 - 1,200 kg/m3, very durable and termite-resistant. It is widely used for poles and piles, railway sleepers and structural purposes. It is fairly hard to work, but is suitable for heavy engineering construction[
The wood is a very good fuel[
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