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Useful Tropical Plants

Erisma japura

Spruce ex Warm.

Vochysiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Erisma japura
Line drawing of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Flora Brasiliensis Illustration. 1840-1906. Vol. VIII, Part II, Plate 70.
Creative Commons License

General Information

Erisma japura is a large tree.
The edible seed is gathered from the wild in quantity and used as an important food source by the local people.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Northern S. America - northern Brazil, Venezuela.

Habitat

Rainforests[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the humid, lowland tropics. It is found in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the region of 26°c and the mean annual rainfall is around 3,400mm. The rainfall is fairly well distributed, but there is a drier period of about 3 months[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

Seed - raw or cooked. Pleasant eating. A pleasant, though occasionally bitter flavour[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. When eaten raw, they leave a thin film of wax-like fat on the roof of the mouth. Rather cashew-like in colour and texture, the edible portion of each seed weighing around 10g[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

A fatty oil obtained from the seed is known as 'Japura butter'[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The fatty oil is extracted by boiling the fruits in water until the inner seed is cooked and the woody pericarp softened. The outer shell is then easily removed, taking with it the thin skin covering the seed. The peeled seeds are washed thoroughly in a basket. Once washed, the seeds are boiled again until very soft (about 45 minutes) and then, while still hot, either pressed through a basket sieve or crushed to a butter-like consistency with a mortar and pestle, then allowed to cool. Japura butter can be stored for up to a year in anaerobic conditions if proper care is exercised. Under such anaerobic conditions, the butter ferments, developing a sharp taste and an odour not unlike a strong cheese. People who can get over this smell find it exceedingly savoury[
562
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 27
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Botanical Museum; Massachusetts.
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
Contains various articles including one on the uses of Erisma japura and Monopteryx angustifolia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-05. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Erisma+japura>

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