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Useful Tropical Plants

Eriosema shirense

Baker f.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eriosema filipendulum Welw. ex Baker

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eriosema shirense is an erect, perennial plant producing one to a few, unbranched or sparsely branched stems 8 - 35cm tall, occasionally to 50cm. It grows from a globose or ovoid tuber, 15 - 40mm long and 10 - 25mm wide. There are sometimes two tubers, one beneath the other[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
1304
Title
Traditional Food Plants of Kenya
Publication
 
Author
Patrick M Maundu
Publisher
Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge, National Museums
Year
1999
ISBN
9966986146
Description
A concise guide to the edible plants of Kenya
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Tropical Africa - Cote D'Ivoire to Nigeria, Central African Republic and Kenya, south to Uganda, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

Habitat

Grassland, deciduous woodlands on poor soil, wooded-grassland and savannah, grassy savannah, dry and moist dambo edges, swampy grassland;,Protea scrub, dry thickets, roadsides; at elevations from 540 - 2,240 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Height0.00 m

Cultivation Details


The plant is very specific to certain soil types[
1304
Title
Traditional Food Plants of Kenya
Publication
 
Author
Patrick M Maundu
Publisher
Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge, National Museums
Year
1999
ISBN
9966986146
Description
A concise guide to the edible plants of Kenya
].
The tubers are spoiled by rain[
1304
Title
Traditional Food Plants of Kenya
Publication
 
Author
Patrick M Maundu
Publisher
Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge, National Museums
Year
1999
ISBN
9966986146
Description
A concise guide to the edible plants of Kenya
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

Root[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. The small root is peeled and eaten raw - said to be very tasty and to always leave one longing for more[
1304
Title
Traditional Food Plants of Kenya
Publication
 
Author
Patrick M Maundu
Publisher
Kenya Resource Centre for Indigenous Knowledge, National Museums
Year
1999
ISBN
9966986146
Description
A concise guide to the edible plants of Kenya
]. Eaten raw by children[
466
Title
Useful Plants of Nyasaland
Publication
 
Author
Williamson J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland.
Year
1955
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of the uses of almost 500 species of plants.
].The taproot develops into a globose or ovoid tuber, 15 - 40mm long and 10 - 25mm wide[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eriosema+shirense>

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