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Useful Tropical Plants

Eriosema laurentii

De Wild.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eriosema rufum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Baill.

Eriosema glomeratum auct.

Eriosema glomeratum laurentii (De Wild.) Baker f.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eriosema laurentii is a perennial plant with much-branched, more or less woody stems; it usually grows 15 - 45cm tall, occasionally to 2 - 3 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine

Known Hazards

Phytochemistry: fish-poisons[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Nigeria, Central African Republic and Sudan, south to Angola, southern DR Congo, Uganda

Habitat

Savannah in moist places; clearings; cultivated and waste grounds; fallow land; river sides; grassland sometimes swampy; bushland; sandy soil in sunny places; sandy shore, in grass behind high water mark; sometimes very common; 5 - 2,550 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The plant is used for food[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. We have no further information, but this report probably refers to the leaves being used as a cooked food, since we have a report for Eriosema glomeratum (often confused with this species) being used as a spinach[
1026
Title
Useful Plants of Ghana
Publication
 
Author
Abbiw D.K.
Publisher
The Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew, UK
Year
1990
ISBN
1-85339-043-7
Description
The book is ordered by usage, rather than by plant. It makes it easier to look up individual uses, but rather difficult to collate all the uses of each species. Otherwise, a well-researched book.
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The plant has a wide range of traditional uses in Africa, where it is considered to be generally healing and is used in the treatment of eye complaints, pulmonary troubles, naso-pharyngeal afflictions, skin problems including leprosy, venereal diseases etc. It is considered to be laxative[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is a popular treatment for infertility and gynaecological or menstrual complaints in Cameroon[
1445
Title
Lupinalbin A as the most potent estrogen receptor α- and aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist in Eriosema laurentii de
Publication
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014 14:294
Author
Ateba et al
Website
http://10.1186/1472-6882-14-294
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
A methanol extract of the leaves and stems has shown agonistic activities at the estrogen receptor α and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, and prevented menopause-related symptom[
1445
Title
Lupinalbin A as the most potent estrogen receptor α- and aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist in Eriosema laurentii de
Publication
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014 14:294
Author
Ateba et al
Website
http://10.1186/1472-6882-14-294
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The methanol extract of the aerial parts of Eriosema laurentii does not seem to have an undesirable influence on the endometrium, but might prevent vaginal dryness and bone mass loss and improve the lipid profile[
1446
Title
Eriosema laurentii De Wild (Leguminosae) methanol extract has estrogenic properties and prevents menopausal symptoms
Publication
Journal of Ethnopharmacology; Volume 150, Issue 1, 28 October 2013, Pages 298-307
Author
Ateba et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2013.08.050
Publisher
 
Year
2013
ISBN
 
Description
 
]..

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eriosema+laurentii>

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