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Useful Tropical Plants

Eriosema crinitum

(Kunth) G.Don

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eriosema fusiformis Rusby

Eriosema stipulare Benth.

Eriosema adumbratum Pittier

Eriosema barbata Desv.

Eriosema conwayi Rusby

Eriosema pinetorum Standl.

Glycine crinita Kunth

Rhynchosia crinite (Kunth) DC.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eriosema crinitum is an erect perennial plant growing from a thick, hard, somewhat woody vertical root. It produces a cluster of unbranched to much-branched stems that become more or less woody and persist; it can grow 20 - 60cm tall[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/

Range

S. America - Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Brazil, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Guatemala; Caribbean

Habitat

Grassy savannahs or exposed hillsides, often in pine forest; at elevations from 200 - 1,500 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Savannah, woodland savannah, borders of dry forest and areas of human disturbance.

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is boiled on water and drunk as an antimalarial[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The roots are boiled and the water drunk as an antimalarial[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. A decoction of the roots is often used in the Brazilian Cerrado in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory skin disorders such as psoriasis[
1444
Title
Phytochemical screening of the dichloromethane–ethanolic extract of Eriosema crinitum roots and its antiproliferativ
Publication
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia xxx (2015) xxx–xxx
Author
Michaelle G. Santos; Valéria G. Almeida et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eriosema+crinitum>

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