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Useful Tropical Plants

Eriosema cordatum

E.Mey.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Eriosema gueinzii Sond.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Eriosema cordatum is a prostrate, ascending or rarely erect herbaceous perennial plant producing a cluster of stems from a woody rootstock; the rootstock can be 15 - 23cm long and 1 - 1.5cm thick (withsome reports saying up to 10cm thick). The stems are usually 12 - 45cm long, occasionally reaching 60cm[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.

Range

Southern Africa - Zimbabwe, eastern S. Africa, Swaziland

Habitat

Open woodland with Peltophorum africanum, Pterocarpus rotundifolius, Acacia spp., etc.; grassland; tableland; often on black soil; sometimes abundant; at elevations from 250 - 1,750 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used to restore male fertility[
1320
Title
Zulu Medicine and Medicine-men
Publication
Annals of the Natal Museum Vol 2 Pt 1, pp 1 - 103; 1909
Author
Rev. A.T.Bryant
Publisher
Natal Museum; Natal
Year
1909
ISBN
 
Description
An early study of the traditional medicinal plants of Natal. Botanical names are often outdated, but lots of information on uses and methods of use.
]. Should the male organs fail altogether to produce seminal fluid, a hot milk infusion of the roots of this species, combined with Eriosema salignum, drunk at bedtime, will result in an early emission[
1320
Title
Zulu Medicine and Medicine-men
Publication
Annals of the Natal Museum Vol 2 Pt 1, pp 1 - 103; 1909
Author
Rev. A.T.Bryant
Publisher
Natal Museum; Natal
Year
1909
ISBN
 
Description
An early study of the traditional medicinal plants of Natal. Botanical names are often outdated, but lots of information on uses and methods of use.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have ripened and dried the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-10-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eriosema+cordatum>

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