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Useful Tropical Plants

Eperua purpurea

Benth.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Eperua purpurea
Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruits and seed
Photograph by: Martius, C., Eichler, A.G., Urban, I., Flora Brasiliensis, vol. 15(2): fasicle 50, t. 58 (1870)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Eperua purpurea is an evergreen tree usually growing 20 - 50 metres tall, with some specimens up to 70 metres having been recorded. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 100cm in diameter[
383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood. Considered to be one of the most beautiful flowering trees in the world with its purple flower clusters and contrasting bright green foliage[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.

Range

S. America - northwest Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela.

Habitat

A canopy or emergent tree in savannah scrub, moist places in upland rainforest[
383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The beautiful rose-purple flowers are sometimes made into a tea for bathing the hair in the belief that it strengthens the growth of the hair[
697
Title
Botanical Museum Leaflets Vol 29
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Year
1983
ISBN
 
Description
Some interesting notes on plant uses in tropical America. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The red-coloured bark is tough and does not decay under water. A strip 9 metres or more long, 30cm wide and 3mm thick is wrapped round a tube, 30 - 90cm long, formed of a portion of a young trunk of the Paxuiba palm (Iriartea enorrhiza) in a slightly oblique direction, so as to form a widening spiral which extends considerably below the tube and forms a musical instrument which is blown into like a trumpet and gives a deep sound that is heard from afar[
383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

The wood is heavy[
383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
]. It is used for making bridges and general construction[
383
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Eperua.
Publication
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany. No. 28
Author
Cowan. R.S.
Publisher
Smithsonian Institution Press; Washington DC
Year
1975
ISBN
 
Description
Number 28 in the 'Smithsonian Contributions to Botany' series, a very detailed monograph of the genus Eperua. It can be downloaded in PDF format from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Eperua+purpurea>

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