Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruits and seed
Photograph by: Martius, C., Eichler, A.G., Urban, I., Flora Brasiliensis, vol. 15(2): fasicle 50, t. 58 (1870)
Eperua purpurea is an evergreen tree usually growing 20 - 50 metres tall, with some specimens up to 70 metres having been recorded. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 100cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood. Considered to be one of the most beautiful flowering trees in the world with its purple flower clusters and contrasting bright green foliage[
S. America - northwest Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela.
A canopy or emergent tree in savannah scrub, moist places in upland rainforest[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The beautiful rose-purple flowers are sometimes made into a tea for bathing the hair in the belief that it strengthens the growth of the hair[
The red-coloured bark is tough and does not decay under water. A strip 9 metres or more long, 30cm wide and 3mm thick is wrapped round a tube, 30 - 90cm long, formed of a portion of a young trunk of the Paxuiba palm (Iriartea enorrhiza) in a slightly oblique direction, so as to form a widening spiral which extends considerably below the tube and forms a musical instrument which is blown into like a trumpet and gives a deep sound that is heard from afar[
The wood is heavy[
]. It is used for making bridges and general construction[
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