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Useful Tropical Plants

Entandrophragma caudatum

(Sprague) Sprague

Meliaceae

+ Synonyms

Pseudocedrela caudata Sprague

Common Name: Mountain Mahogany

Entandrophragma caudatum
Fruiting branches
Photograph by: Paul venter
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Entandrophragma caudatum Entandrophragma caudatum

General Information

Mountain mahogany is a deciduous tree; it can grow from 3 - 30 metres tall. The straight bole sometimes branches from around 2 metres, at other times it can be unbranched for several metres; it is up to 150cm in diameter. The bark is thick and rough, flaking in large irregular scales to expose a buff undersurface[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
,
663
Title
Flora of Southern Africa
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=662545
Publisher
 
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line resource.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of wood and materials . The good quality wood can be used for furniture and cabinet making, but supplies are too limited for it to be of much economic importance[
663
Title
Flora of Southern Africa
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=662545
Publisher
 
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line resource.
].
Unlike other members of the genus, which provide a commercial source of mahogany, this species is generally too rare for more than limited exploitation. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

663
Title
Flora of Southern Africa
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=662545
Publisher
 
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line resource.

Range

Africa - Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland, S. Africa.

Habitat

A large, emergent tree of scattered occurrence occurring in river valleys and open woodland on rocky slopes or kopjes[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Elevations from 60 - 662 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height18.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Usually found in the wild in sandy or rocky soils[
663
Title
Flora of Southern Africa
Publication
 
Author
Roux J.P.
Website
http://plants.jstor.org/search?st=662545
Publisher
 
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line resource.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark has shown in-vitro antiplasmodial activity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The bark has been used for dyeing and tanning[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The reddish brown or dark brown wood is moderately heavy. It is locally in demand for furniture making, cabinet work and canoes, but supply is limited[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Entandrophragma+caudatum>

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