This species is closely related to Entada polystachya, and is included in that species by some authorities[
Entada polystachya polyphylla (Benth.) Barneby
Entadopsis polyphylla (Benth.) Britton
Pusaetha polyphylla (Benth.) Kuntze
Entada polyphylla is variable in habit, ranging from a climbing shrub to a shrub or small tree growing up to 6.5 metres tall. The branches are armed with small spines[
]. When growing as a tree it has an open crown, the bole can be straight or inclined and free of limbs for up to 2.5 metres[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a source of resin and timber.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, the Guyanas.
Rare in riverine forests and forest margins in the Guyanas[
]. Common in thickets or along the edge of
savannah at elevations up to 420 metres in northern Peru[
|Other Uses Rating||
A warm decoction of the seeds is valued as a gargle in cases of extreme nasal and pulmonary congestion as a result of severe catarrhal attacks[
A slightly sweet, pale yellow resin is obtained from the tree[
]. It is sometimes used as a black dye[
The yellowish-white wood darkens to yellowish brown on exposure to sunlight[
]. It is lustrous; has no distinctive odour or taste; straight-grained; medium-textured; light in weight, but compact and firm; slightly fibrous; easy to work; and takes a smooth finish ; susceptible to insect attacks[
Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing.
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.