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Useful Tropical Plants

Enicostema axillare

(Lam.) A.Raynal

Gentianaceae

+ Synonyms

Adenema hyssopifolia (Willd.) G.Don

Cicendia hyssopifolia (Willd.) Wight & Arn.

Enicostema hyssopifolium (Willd.) I. Verd.

Enicostema latilobum N.E.Br.

Enicostema littorale Blume

Enicostema verticillare (Retz.) Baill.

Exacum hyssopifolium Willd.

Gentiana axillaris Lam.

Gentiana verticillaris Retz.

Hippion hyssopifolium (Willd.) Spreng.

Hippion orientale (Griseb.) Dalzell & Gibson

Slevogtia maritima Dalzell

Slevogtia orientalis Griseb.

Common Name:

Enicostema axillare
Plants being grown in a herbal garden in Forest Extension Center, Sithar Koyil, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.
Photograph by: Thamizhpparithi Maari
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Enicostema axillare Enicostema axillare Enicostema axillare

General Information

Enicostema axillare is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1 metre tall, but is more likely to be 30 - 50cm tall.
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use, and is occasionally cultivated for this purpose.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
,
506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Eastern and southern Africa - Eritrea to S. Africa, Namibia and Angola. Also India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia.

Habitat

Grasslands, in turf hollows, sandy slopes, side roads and along rivers[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
]. Found at elevations from sea level to 450 metres in India[
506
Title
The Flora of British India. (in 7 volumes)
Publication
 
Author
Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
L.Reeve & Co.; London
Year
1872 - 1897
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but has some information on plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A very variable plant, it is divided into various subspecies.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bitter-tasting plant is used as a laxative, stomachic and tonic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is dried, powdered and mixed with honey, then used as a blood purifier and in the treatment of dropsy, rheumatism, abdominal ulcers, hernia, swellings, itches and insect poisoning[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

The plant contains a bitter glycoside and ophelic acid[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Enicostema+axillare>

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