The generic name of this plant is often spelled Engelhardtia. The original spelling, when the name was first published by Blume in 1825 - 26 was Engelhardia, although this was later corrected to Engelhardtia by Blume in 1829. There still seems to be disagreement over which version of the name is correct, but at present we are following GRIN and Tropicos, who both use the original spelling[
Engelhardia nudiflora Hook.f.
Engelhardia palembanica Miq.
Engelhardia parvifolia C.DC.
Engelhardia permicrophylla Elmer
Engelhardia serrata is an evergreen to briefly deciduous tree growing up to 52 metres tall. The bole can be up to 120cm in diameter, with buttresses 3 - 4 metres high and 3 metres outwards[
Its wood is harvested from the wild for local use[
]. It belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya', and the wood is sometimes traded.
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
The bark and the leaves are rich in tannin,. They are used as a fish intoxicant[
E. Asia - China, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.
In undisturbed mixed dipterocarp, keranga and sub-montane forests up to 1,700 m altitude[
]. On ridges and alluvial sites, usually on poor sandy soils. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
The yellowish-white to greyish-red wood is light, soft and close-grained[
]. It is used for the construction of houses[
We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but it belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya'[
]. The following is a general description of dungun paya wood:-
The heartwood is grey-brown with a core that has a dark streaky colour; it merges gradually into the pale grey-brown sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse and even; the grain is straight, shallowly interlocked or sometimes wavy. The wood is soft to moderately hard, not very durable. It is easy to work but, being a fairly light timber it should not be used in situations where excessive strength and impact forces are required. Uses of the timber include veneer and plywood, turnery, moulding, tool handle for non-impact purposes, domestic flooring and general utility furniture. The corewood is decorative and it may be used for small ornamental items[
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