The generic name of this plant is often spelled Engelhardtia. The original spelling, when the name was first published by Blume in 1825 - 26 was Engelhardia, although this was later corrected to Engelhardtia by Blume in 1829. There still seems to be disagreement over which version of the name is correct, but at present we are following GRIN and Tropicos, who both use the original spelling[
Engelhardia lepidota Schltr.
Engelhardia subsimplicifolia Merr.
Engelhardia zambalensis Elmer
Engelhardia rigida is an evergreen or briefly deciduous tree that usually grows 10 - 35 metres tall but can reach up to 50 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 150cm in diameter with butresses up to 3 metres high and 2 metres outwards[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use. It belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya', and the wood is sometimes traded[
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
The bark and the leaves are rich in tannin,. They are used as a fish intoxicant[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea.
Dense, primary, mixed dipterocarp forest, growing on leached yellow, sandy and untramafic soils; at elevations from sea level to 2,000 metres, occasionally to 2,500 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
The sapwood is white[
]. The wood is used for making canoes and for general building work[
We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but it belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya'[
]. The following is a general description of dungun paya wood:-
The heartwood is grey-brown with a core that has a dark streaky colour; it merges gradually into the pale grey-brown sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse and even; the grain is straight, shallowly interlocked or sometimes wavy. The wood is soft to moderately hard, not very durable. It is easy to work but, being a fairly light timber it should not be used in situations where excessive strength and impact forces are required. Uses of the timber include veneer and plywood, turnery, moulding, tool handle for non-impact purposes, domestic flooring and general utility furniture. The corewood is decorative and it may be used for small ornamental items[
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