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Useful Tropical Plants

Engelhardia rigida

Lesch. ex Blume

Juglandaceae


The generic name of this plant is often spelled Engelhardtia. The original spelling, when the name was first published by Blume in 1825 - 26 was Engelhardia, although this was later corrected to Engelhardtia by Blume in 1829. There still seems to be disagreement over which version of the name is correct, but at present we are following GRIN and Tropicos, who both use the original spelling[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Engelhardia lepidota Schltr.

Engelhardia subsimplicifolia Merr.

Engelhardia zambalensis Elmer

Common Name:

Engelhardia rigida

General Information

Engelhardia rigida is an evergreen or briefly deciduous tree that usually grows 10 - 35 metres tall but can reach up to 50 metres. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 150cm in diameter with butresses up to 3 metres high and 2 metres outwards[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use. It belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya', and the wood is sometimes traded[
388
Title
Guide to the Trees of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
Conn. B.J. & Damas. K.Q.
Website
http://www.pngplants.org/PNGtrees/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An Internet site giving good descriptions of the trees of Papua New Guinea.
].
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The bark and the leaves are rich in tannin,. They are used as a fish intoxicant[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Botanical References

899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea.

Habitat

Dense, primary, mixed dipterocarp forest, growing on leached yellow, sandy and untramafic soils; at elevations from sea level to 2,000 metres, occasionally to 2,500 metres[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height40.00 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The sapwood is white[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
]. The wood is used for making canoes and for general building work[
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but it belongs to a group of timbers known in the trade as 'Dungun Paya'[
893
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 6
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 40
Author
Lim S.C. & Gan K.S.
Website
http://www.frim.gov.my/?page_id=1842
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four lesser known groups of commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
]. The following is a general description of dungun paya wood:-
The heartwood is grey-brown with a core that has a dark streaky colour; it merges gradually into the pale grey-brown sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse and even; the grain is straight, shallowly interlocked or sometimes wavy. The wood is soft to moderately hard, not very durable. It is easy to work but, being a fairly light timber it should not be used in situations where excessive strength and impact forces are required. Uses of the timber include veneer and plywood, turnery, moulding, tool handle for non-impact purposes, domestic flooring and general utility furniture. The corewood is decorative and it may be used for small ornamental items[
893
Title
Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 6
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 40
Author
Lim S.C. & Gan K.S.
Website
http://www.frim.gov.my/?page_id=1842
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
2006
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving a brief guide to four lesser known groups of commercial timbers from southeast Asia. It is available in PDF format on the Internet.
,
899
Title
Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak Vols 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Soepadmo E.; Saw L.G.; Chung R.C.K. (Editors)
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
2002
ISBN
983-2181-27-5
Description
A flora of the woody plants of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo, often giving details of plant uses.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Engelhardia+rigida>

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