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Useful Tropical Plants

Elytraria imbricata

(Vahl) Pers.

Acanthaceae

+ Synonyms

Elytraria apargiifolia Nees

Elytraria fasciculata Kunth

Elytraria frondosa Kunth

Elytraria microstachya Oerst.

Elytraria pachystachya Oerst.

Elytraria ramosa Kunth

Elytraria scorpioides Roem. & Schult.

Elytraria squamosa (Jacq.) Lindau

Elytraria squamosa A.Chev.

Elytraria tridentata Vahl

Justicia imbricata Vahl

Tubiflora pachystachya (Oerst.) Kuntze

Tubiflora squamosa (Jacq.) Kuntze

Verbena squamosa Jacq.

Common Name:

Elytraria imbricata
Flowers and leaves
Photograph by: Germaine A. Parada
Creative Commons License
Elytraria imbricata Elytraria imbricata Elytraria imbricata

General Information

Elytraria imbricata is a herbaceous perennial that varies in habit from a stemless plant with a rosette of leaves, to a plant with a stem that can be up to 60cm tall with the leaves all crowded at the tips[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; through Central America to Mexico, Texas and Arizona.

Habitat

Bushy slopes, in thickets, and in shrubby forests at low elevations[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. Damp or dry thickets, open or shaded banks, ravines, roadsides, waste places; at elevations of 75 - 1,800 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.25 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of tropical areas, where it is found at elevations from sea level to over 1,500 metres.

A common weed of waste ground in Central America[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
], it has been introduced into the Galapagos Islands, where it has become invasive[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used in the treatment of dysentery[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].
An infusion of the plant is a local remedy for bronchitis and coughs[
493
Title
Flora of Yucatan
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1930
ISBN
 
Description
The first flora that was attempted for this area in 1930, so it is obviously lacking information and the Botanical names can be out of date. Still, an excellent work and it records many plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The crushed leaves are said to cure pimples]369].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-09-15. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Elytraria+imbricata>

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