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Useful Tropical Plants

Eleutherine bulbosa

(Mill.) Urb.

Iridaceae

+ Synonyms

Antholyza meriana Blanco

Bermudiana bulbosa (Mill.) Molina

Bermudiana congesta (Klatt) Kuntze

Cipura plicata (Sw.) Griseb.

Eleutherine americana (Aubl.) Merr. ex K.Heyne

Eleutherine anomala Herb.

Eleutherine longifolia Gagnep.

Eleutherine plicata (Sw.) Herb.

Eleutherine subaphylla Gagnep.

Ferraria parviflora Salisb.

Galatea americana (Aubl.) Kuntze

Galatea bulbosa (Mill.) Britton

Galatea plicata (Sw.) Baker

Galatea vespertina Salisb.

Ixia americana Aubl.

Marica plicata (Sw.) Ker Gawl.

Moraea plicata Sw.

Sisyrinchium americanum (Aubl.) Lemée

Sisyrinchium bulbosum Mill.

Sisyrinchium capitatum Pers.

Sisyrinchium congestum Klatt

Sisyrinchium elatum Seub. ex Klatt

Sisyrinchium latifolium Sw.

Sisyrinchium palmifolium Cav.

Sisyrinchium plicatum (Sw.) Spreng.

Sisyrinchium racemosum Pers.

Common Name:

Eleutherine bulbosa
Growing plant
Photograph by: Xavierserratm
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0
Eleutherine bulbosa Eleutherine bulbosa Eleutherine bulbosa Eleutherine bulbosa Eleutherine bulbosa

General Information

Eleutherine bulbosa is a bulbous plant, producing a clump of grass-like leaves 15 - 75cm tall[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is often harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. Eleutkerine bulbosa is an important element of the American Indian pharmacopeia and is one of few neotropical Iridaceae with known medicinal uses. It is often cultivated in gardens maintained by Indian tribes, and is also fairly widely grown in the tropics as an ornamental[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuadot, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean - Trinidad to Cuba.

Habitat

Widely cultivated, the original habitat is not known[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
HabitBulb
Height0.40 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Grows best in full sun.
The plant has escaped from cultivation and become naturalized in the Philippines and Indochina, and is cultivated in Kwazulu, South Africa, where it is also used medicinally[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The red bulb is crushed and mixed with water then drunk to kill intestinal parasites and worms[
521
Title
Useful Plants of the Siona and Secoya Indians of Eastern Ecuador.
Publication
Fieldiana Botany New Series No. 15
Author
Vickers W.T.; Plowman T.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; USA.
Year
1984
ISBN
0015 - 0746
Description
Very terse, but it gives the uses of a large number of species. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The sap of the bulb is mixed with salt and used as a remedy for epileptic fits. It is also sometimes mixed with rum and rubbed on the body for that same purpose[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The bulb is used in the form of a plaster to treat sprains, to encourage cicatrization of wounds, and for tired blood[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The pulverised pulp of the bulb is mixed with oil to which a cockroach is added, and used to treat an infected wound caused by rusty nail[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The bulb is widely documented in the literature and in herbaria as a treatment for bloody diarrhoea, haemorrhagia and open wounds, and even as a contraceptive[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The root is used in the treatment of female infertility and haemorrhages[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

The plant (part not specified) is used as a diuretic[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The bulb contains chrysophanol naphthoquinones and anthraquinones[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - usually a sexually sterile plant, it does not often form seed[
915
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 78
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden; Missouri.
Year
1991
ISBN
0026-6493
Description
A botanical journal, it contains a revision of the genus Anthurium. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

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