Duranta angustifolia Salisb.
Duranta baumgartenii K.Koch
Duranta baumgartii Hibberd
Duranta dentata Pers.
Duranta ellisia Jacq.
Duranta inermis L.
Duranta integrifolia Tod.
Duranta latifolia Salisb.
Duranta macrodonta Moldenke
Duranta microphylla Willd.
Duranta parviflora Turcz.
Duranta plumieri Jacq.
Duranta racemosa Mill.
Duranta repens L.
Duranta spinosa Mill.
Duranta turbinata Tod.
Duranta xalapensis Kunth
Ellisia acuta L.
Common Name: Sky Flower
Duranta erecta is a usually thorny, evergreen shrub or small tree, sometimes with a weeping habit; it usually grows around 4 - 6 metres tall, though pot-grown plants are more likely to be around 1.2 metres[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and insect repellent. It is widely grown as an ornamental in the subtropical and tropical zones, there are some named varieties[
Commonly grown as an ornamental, the plant has often escaped from cultivation and become naturalized as a weed. It is considered to be invasive in many Pacific Islands[
Children who have eaten the fruits have been reported as becoming ill and subsequently dying[
The plant is suspected of being poisonous to pigs[
Subtropical and tropical America - Argentina and Uruguay north through Mesoamerica and the Caribbean to southern N. America from California to Florida
Dry to moist disturbed areas. Common along roadsides and in thickets; at elevations from 150 - 1,650 metres[
]. In thickets, secondary forest, hedges, along roadsides, at elevations from 500 - 2,600 metres in Guatemala[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Duranta erecta has a very wide native range, from the subtropics of southern South America, right through tropical America to the subtropics of southern N. America. It is not tolerant of frost[
Prefers a position in full sun, growing well in a moist, fertile, well-drained soil[
The plant can be grown as an annual in areas where it is not winter-hardy[
]. It is also sometimes grown as a winter houseplant, growing it in pots which are left outdoors during the warm weather but brought back indoors before the frosts return[
The plant is used in the treatment of fevers, skin itches[
The plant is amenable to trimming and is often grown as a hedge[
]. It is traditionally grown in living fences in the northwestern Himalayas, where it helps to exclude livestock and other animals; mark out land boundaries; whilst also providing a range of medicinal and other uses[
The plant is used as an insect repellant[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate of less than 20% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 90 - 110 days[
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