Asparagus draco L.
Draco arbor Garsault
Draco draco (L.) Linding
Draco dragonalis Crantz
Drakaina draco (L.) Raf.
Palma draco (L.) Mill.
Stoerkia draco (L.) Crantz
Yucca draco (L.) CarriÃ¨re
Common Name: Dragon Tree
Trees growing on the Canary Islands
Photograph by: brewbooks
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Dragon tree is a very slow-growing, evergreen tree that can eventually reach a height of around 10 metres[
]. It grows without branching in the early years of its life until it first produces a terminal inflorescence[
]. Eventually it produces a domed, spreading head of regular branches[
The tree is often harvested from the wild, and also sometimes cultivated, for its resin, called dragon's blood, which is traded internationally as a medicine[
Although widespread in cultivation, the species is classified in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010) as 'Vulnerable' in the wild where populations have been in decline for a long time[
]. At least one reason for the decline is the over-exploitation of the tree as a source of a medicinal resin[
N. Africa - Morocco to the Canaries, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the drier subtropics, it is also grown in tropical areas[
A slow-growing but long-lived species it commences flowering when about 30 years old[
]. Trees can regularly live for 600 years or more - a specimen 21 metres tall was estimated to be 6,000 years old[
The resin, the so-called 'dragon's blood', is used as a folk medicine and fumigating agent[
The plant is cultivated in various tropical regions as a supporter for Vanilla plants[
The red resin has a wide range of uses: as a varnish; for staining wood in items such as violins; for embalming the dead etc[
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