Asparagus draco L.
Draco arbor Garsault
Draco draco (L.) Linding
Draco dragonalis Crantz
Drakaina draco (L.) Raf.
Palma draco (L.) Mill.
Stoerkia draco (L.) Crantz
Yucca draco (L.) Carrière
Common Name: Dragon Tree
Trees growing on the Canary Islands
Photograph by: brewbooks
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Dragon tree is a very slow-growing, evergreen tree that can eventually reach a height of around 10 metres[
]. It grows without branching in the early years of its life until it first produces a terminal inflorescence[
]. Eventually it produces a domed, spreading head of regular branches[
The tree is often harvested from the wild, and also sometimes cultivated, for its resin, called dragon's blood, which is traded internationally as a medicine[
Although widespread in cultivation, the species is classified in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010) as 'Vulnerable' in the wild where populations have been in decline for a long time[
]. At least one reason for the decline is the over-exploitation of the tree as a source of a medicinal resin[
N. Africa - Morocco to the Canaries, Madeira and Cape Verde Islands.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the drier subtropics, it is also grown in tropical areas[
A slow-growing but long-lived species it commences flowering when about 30 years old[
]. Trees can regularly live for 600 years or more - a specimen 21 metres tall was estimated to be 6,000 years old[
The resin, the so-called 'dragon's blood', is used as a folk medicine and fumigating agent[
The plant is cultivated in various tropical regions as a supporter for Vanilla plants[
The red resin has a wide range of uses: as a varnish; for staining wood in items such as violins; for embalming the dead etc[
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