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Useful Tropical Plants

Dracaena cinnabari

Balf.f.

Asparagaceae

+ Synonyms

Draco cinnabari (Balf.f.) Kuntze

Common Name: Socotra Dragon Blood

Dracaena cinnabari
Very old trees growing on the island of Socotra
Photograph by: Rod Waddington
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Dracaena cinnabari Dracaena cinnabari Dracaena cinnabari Dracaena cinnabari Dracaena cinnabari

General Information

Socotra dragon blood is an evergreen tree growing about 9 metres tall. The tree normally branches freely to form a very distinctive umbrella shape.
The plant is particularly valued for the resin obtained from the trunk, which has various uses in medicine, making varnishes etc.
Found only on the island of Socotra, off the northeast of Africa, it appears that populations of the tree have been in general decline for some time. Although many trees still remain, regeneration is poor[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The decline seems to be linked to a gradual drying in the region, plus overgrazing which leads to young plants being eaten[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Consequently the tree has been classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2009)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Northeastern Africa - Socotra.

Habitat

Most commonly found amongst rocks and limestone, in evergreen and semi-deciduous woodland[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height9.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the drier tropics, growing best in areas where the monsoon causes several months of cloud and drizzly weather each year338].
Requires a well-drained soil and a position in full sun. Established plants are very drought tolerant.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The resin obtained from the tree is astringent and haemostatic[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used to treat haemorrhages[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

A resin is obtained from the tree[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. Called 'Socotra dragon blood', it occurs in tears of a beautiful garnet colour when broken[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. It is used in varnishes[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

A fibre obtained from the leaves is used for making rope[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cuttings
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dracaena+cinnabari>

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