Aspidosperma condylocarpon MÃ¼ll.Arg.
Diplorhynchus angolensis BÃ¼ttner
Diplorhynchus angustifolia Stapf
Diplorhynchus mosambicensis Benth.
Diplorhynchus poggei K.Schum.
Diplorhynchus psilopus Welw. ex Ficalho & Hiern
Diplorhynchus welwitschii Rolfe
Neurolobium cymosum Baill.
Common Name: Horn-Pod Tree
Horn-pod tree is a shrub or small tree with very sweet-scented flowers[
]. It usually grows up to 12 metres tall with occasional specimens up to 20 metres[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber, latex, fibre and medicinal virtues.
Africa - Congo, DR Congo, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, S. Africa.
Dry deciduous woodland and on stony hillsides, at elevations up to 1,700 metres[
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Usually found in deep, sandy soils in the wild[
Coppicing and pollarding are appropriate management techniques - the cut trunks sprout readily from the base[
A decoction of the root bark is used to treat indigestion, diarrhoea, fever, snakebites, infertility and venereal diseases[
A decoction of the root is used to treat a variety of complaints including chronic cough, pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis; rectal prolapse; diabetes; testicle inflammation; and to facilitate giving birth[
]. Combined with salt, it is used to treat cough[
Te root powder is taken with food to treat anorexia and is added to porridge in order to treat pain in the digestive tract[
It is applied externally to treat sore eyes[
]. The body is washed with an infusion of the root to treat measles[
A leaf infusion is used to treat headache and stomach problems[
The latex is smeared on cuts to heal them[
]. It is believed to stimulate milk flow in nursing mothers, a few drops of the latex being sprinkled over the breasts[
Alkaloids are present in both the stem bark and root bark, the latter being a richer source[
]. These alkaloids belong to 3 main groups: yohimbine and its isomer Î²-yohimbine; nor-macusine B (tombozine or diplorrhyne), stemmadenine and condylocarpine; and 14-hydroxy-akuammicine (mossambine or diplorhyncine) and nor-fluorocurarine. Most of these compounds also occur in other members of Apocynaceae[
An aqueous extract of the roots and stems is reported to be a useful sympatholytic. Ethanolic extracts of the roots did not show a significant antiplasmodial activity in vitro[
A fibre obtained from the bark is used for weaving in a similar way as the bark fibre of baobab (Adansonia digitata)[
A latex obtained from injuries to the plant is used to repair bicycle tyres[
]. It is also used as glue to stick feathers and metal tips to arrows[
]. The latex is also smeared on hides of drums to improve the tone[
The wood is suitable for ornaments, furniture, fencing and firewood and to make charcoal[
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